Trees IV pp 217-230 | Cite as

Metroxylon sagu Rottb. (Sago Palm)

  • S. Hisajima
Part of the Biotechnology in Agriculture and Forestry book series (AGRICULTURE, volume 35)


The term sago and its derivatives are widely used to express starch in the region where the starch-yielding palm grows (Dransfield 1976; Johnson 1976; Kiew 1976). Different palm species accumulate starch in their trunks (Dransfield 1976; Johnson 1976; Ruddle 1976; Jong 1991). Sometimes the word sago palm indicates a starch-yielding palm. The examples are (Metroxylon sagu Rottb.), Eugeissona utilis Becc., Arenga pinnata (Wurmb.), and Caryota mitis Lour. Metroxylon sagu Rottb. (Kiew 1976), common name sago palm, is of commercial value (Fig. 1), definition “commercial” indicating that starch available from sago palm is sometimes sold in local markets. In this chapter Metroxylon sagu Rottb. is referred to as sago palm. Fruits or seeds of sago palm are like golf balls in shape and size. Embryos have been excised from fruits or seeds, as shown in Fig. 2.


Somatic Embryogenesis Activate Charcoal Adventitious Shoot Multiple Shoot Embryo Culture 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Alang ZC, Krishnapillay B (1986) Studies on the growth and development of embryos of the sago palm (Metroxylon sp.) in vivo and in vitro. In: Yamada N, Kainuma K. (eds) Proc 3rd Int Sago Symp Tokyo, Japan, pp. 121–129Google Scholar
  2. Alang ZC, Krishnapillay B (1987) Somatic embryogenesis from young leaf tissue of sago palm, Metroxylon sagu. Plant Tissue Cult Lett 4: 32–34CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Azudin MN (1994) Integrated approach towards improving the sago industry in Sarawak. Sago Commun 4: 71Google Scholar
  4. Dransfield J (1976) Dry land sago palms. In: Tan K (ed) Sago-76, Proc 1st Int Sago Symp, Kuching, Sarawak, Malaysia, pp. 76–83Google Scholar
  5. Flach MF (1976) Yield potential of the sagopalm and its realisation. In: Tan K (ed) Sago-76, Proc 1st Int Sago Symp, Kuching, Sarawak, Malaysia, pp 157–177Google Scholar
  6. Hisajima S (1994) Maize: Propagation and breeding through the culture of reproductive organs. In: Bajaj YPS (ed) Biotechnology in agriculture and forestry vol 25, Maize, Springer, Berlin Heidelberg New York, pp 37–49Google Scholar
  7. Hisajima S, Arai Y, Ishizuka K (1986) Microplant propagation through multiple shoot formation from seeds, embryos and excised single shoots. In: Napompeth B, Subhadrabandhu S (eds) Proc 5th SABRAO Congr, Bangkok, Thailand, pp 133–136Google Scholar
  8. Hisajima S, Osaka I, Chongpraditnum P, Arai Y (1987a) Microplant propagation of rice plant. Jpn J Trop Agric 31: 12–15Google Scholar
  9. Hisajima S, Arai Y, Okazawa N (1987b) Induction of ears from maize seeds in vitro and plant regeneration from ovaries of unfertilized ears. Agric Biol Chem 51: 583–584CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Hisajima S, Jong FS, Arai Y, Sim ES (1991) Propagation and breeding of sago palm (Metroxylon sp.) plant in vitro. 1. Embryo culture and induction of multiple shoots from sago embryos in vitro. Jpn J Trop Agric 35: 259–267Google Scholar
  11. Hisajima S, Yato M, Boonsermsuk S, Ramchatgoen S, Kachonpadungkitti Y, Ishizuka K (1994) Preliminary observation on sugar metabolism and biochemical classification in sago palm(Metroxylon sagu Rottbl.). In: Subhadrabandhu S, Hisajima S (eds) Proc 5th Int Sago Symp, Hat Yai, Thailand (in press)Google Scholar
  12. Johnson D (1976) Distribution of sago making in the old world. Sago-76, Proc 1st Int Sago Symp, Kuching, Sarawak, Malaysia, pp 65–75Google Scholar
  13. Jong FS (1991) Studies on the seed germination of sago palm (Metroxylon sagu) towards greater advancement of the sago industry in the ‘90s. In: Ng TT, Tie YL, Kueh HS (eds) Proc 4th Int Sago Symp, Kuching, Sarawak, Malaysia, pp 88–93Google Scholar
  14. Kiew R (1976) Taxonomy, ecology and biology of sago palms in Malaysia and Sarawak. In: Tan K (ed) Sago-76, Proc 1st Int Sago Symp, Kuching, Sarawak, Malaysia, pp 147–154Google Scholar
  15. Kueh HS, Tie YL, Elone R, Ung CM, Osman JH (1991) The feasibility of plantation production of sago (Metroxylon sagu) on an organic soil in Sarawa. In: Ng TT, Tie YL, Kueh HS (eds) Proc 4th Int Sago Symp, Kuching, Sarawak, Malaysia, pp 127–136Google Scholar
  16. Manurung R, Paranjothy K (1994) In vitro propagation of sago palm: plantlet regeneration through somatic embryogenesis. Abstr, 5th Int Sago Symp, Hat Yai, Thailand, 25ppGoogle Scholar
  17. Ruddle KR (1976) Sago in the new world. In: Tan K (ed) Sago-76, Proc 1st Int Sago Symp, Kuching, Sarawak, Malaysia, pp 53–64Google Scholar
  18. Sastrapraja S (1986) Seedling variation in Metroxylon sagu Rottb. In: Yamada N, Kainuma K (eds) Proc 3rd Int Sago Symp, Tokyo, Japan, pp 117–120Google Scholar
  19. Schuiling DL, Jong FS, Flach M (1993) Exploitation and natural variability of the sago palm (Metroxylon sagu Rottb.) In: Report of a Sarawak and all-Indonesia study tour, Jan—Feb 1992. Wageningen Agric Univ, WageningenGoogle Scholar
  20. Tisserat B (1984) Propagation of date palms by shoot tip cultures. Hortcience 19: 230–231Google Scholar
  21. Turnham E, Northcot DH (1982) The use of acetyl-CoA carboxylase activity and changes in wall composition as measures of embryogenesis in tissue cultures of oil palm (Elaeis guineensis). Biochem J 208: 323–332PubMedGoogle Scholar
  22. Turnham E, Northcot DH (1984) The incorporation of (1-C) acetate into lipids during embryogenesis in oil palm tissue cultures. Phytochemistry 23: 35–39CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Yamada N (1990) Sago palm. Sago Commun 1: 3–4Google Scholar
  24. Yongsak K, Hisajima S, Arai Y (1992) Plantlet regeneration from seeds obtained in peanut (Arachis hypogaea L.) seedling culture in vitro. Biosci Biotech Biochem 56: 543–546CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. Hisajima
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of Applied BiochemistryUniversity of TsukubaIbarakiJapan

Personalised recommendations