Transgenic Campanula spp. (Bellflower)

Part of the Biotechnology in Agriculture and Forestry book series (AGRICULTURE, volume 48)


The genus Campanula family Campanulaceae comprises 300 species which are widely distributed, chiefly in the Northern Hemisphere, being particularly abundant in Europe. The name of the genus derives from the Latin campana (a bell), meaning little bell, from the shape of the corolla in some species (Bailey 1958; Everett 1981). Bellflowers are a large group of attractively flowering herbs, especially of hardy herbaceous perennials, which are suitable for garden ornamentals, i.e., they decorate flower beds and borders, provide a wealth of bloom in rock gardens, etc. Many species, such as C. isophylla and C. fragilis, are admirable cut flowers, and are delightful in pots in greenhouses, window gardens, on porches, and so on.


Hairy Root Hairy Root Culture Plant Cell Tissue Organ Cult Woody Plant Medium Direct Shoot Regeneration 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2001

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Applied Biological SciencesFaculty of Agriculture, Saga UniversitySaga 840Japan
  2. 2.Department of Food Science and TechnologyCollege of Horticulture, Minami-Kyushu UniversityMiyazaki 884Japan
  3. 3.Department of Global Agricultural SciencesThe University of TokyoBunkyoku, Tokyo 113Japan
  4. 4.Tsukuba Medicinal Plant Research StationNational Institute of Health SciencesTsukuba, Ibaraki 305Japan

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