Advertisement

Transgenic Campanula spp. (Bellflower)

Chapter
  • 270 Downloads
Part of the Biotechnology in Agriculture and Forestry book series (AGRICULTURE, volume 48)

Abstract

The genus Campanula family Campanulaceae comprises 300 species which are widely distributed, chiefly in the Northern Hemisphere, being particularly abundant in Europe. The name of the genus derives from the Latin campana (a bell), meaning little bell, from the shape of the corolla in some species (Bailey 1958; Everett 1981). Bellflowers are a large group of attractively flowering herbs, especially of hardy herbaceous perennials, which are suitable for garden ornamentals, i.e., they decorate flower beds and borders, provide a wealth of bloom in rock gardens, etc. Many species, such as C. isophylla and C. fragilis, are admirable cut flowers, and are delightful in pots in greenhouses, window gardens, on porches, and so on.

Keywords

Hairy Root Hairy Root Culture Plant Cell Tissue Organ Cult Woody Plant Medium Direct Shoot Regeneration 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Bailey LH (1958) Campanula, the standard cyclopedia of horticulture (17th Printing). Macmillan, New York, pp 642–650Google Scholar
  2. Barnaulov OD, Limarenko A Yu, Teslov LS (1983) Antispasmodic properties of preparations from some species of Campanulaceae. Rastit Resur 19: 20–27Google Scholar
  3. Barnaulov OD, Manicheva OA, Teslov LS (1984) Comparative evaluation of the effect of preparations from plants of Campanulaceae Juess family on gastric alteration. Khim Farm Zh 18: 853–857Google Scholar
  4. Brandt K (1992) Micropropagation of Campanula isophylla Moretti. Plant Cell Tissue Organ Cult 29: 31–36CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Brandt K (1994) Variation among and within clones in formation of roots and shoots during micropropagation of Campanula isophylla. Plant Cell Tissue Organ Cult 39: 63–68CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Brandt K (1997) Micropropagation of Campanula. In: Bajaj YPS (ed) Biotechnology in agriculture and forestry, vol 40. High-tech and micropropagation. Springer, Berlin Heidelberg New York, pp 58–73Google Scholar
  7. Brandt K, Ishimaru K (1998) Campanula (bellflower) species: in vitro culture, micropropagation, and the production of anthocyanins, polyacetylenes, and other secondary metabolites. In: Bajaj YPS (ed) Biotechnology in agriculture and forestry, vol 41. Medicinal and aromatic plants X. Springer, Berlin Heidelberg New York, pp 45–46Google Scholar
  8. Everett TH (1981) Campanula. The New York botanical garden illustrated encyclopedia of horticulture. Garland Publishing, New York, pp 588–597Google Scholar
  9. Gamborg OL, Miller RA, Ojima K (1968) Nutrient requirements of suspension cultures of soybean root cells. Exp Cell Res 50: 151–158PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Ishimaru K (1997) Polyacetylenes in tissue cultures of Campanulaceae. Recent Res Dev Phytochem 1: 1–9Google Scholar
  11. Ishimaru K, Yonemitsu H, Shimomura K (1991) Lobetyolin and lobetyol from hairy root cultures of Lobelia inflata. Phytochemistry 30: 2255–2257CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Ishimaru K, Sadoshima S, Neera S, Koyama K, Takahashi K, Shimomura K (1992) A polyacetylene gentiobioside from hairy roots of Lobelia inflata. Phytochemistry 31: 1577–1579CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Ishimaru K, Ando M, Yamakawa T, Touno K, Shimomura K (1998) Polyacetylene production in transformed root cultures of Campanula lactiflora. Nat Med 52: 448–451Google Scholar
  14. Isogai A, Fukuchi N, Hayashi M, Kamada H, Harada H, Suzuki A (1988) Structure of a new opine, mikimopine, in hairy root induced by Agrobacterium rhizogenes. Agric Biol Chem 52: 3235–3237CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Lloyd G, McCown B (1980) Commercially feasible micropropagation of mountain laurel, Kalmia latifolia, by use of shoot-tip culture. Int Plant Prop Soc 30: 421–427Google Scholar
  16. Murashige T, Skoog F (1962) A revised medium for rapid growth and bioassays with tobacco tissue cultures. Physiol Plant 15: 473–497CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Otani M, Mii M, Handa T, Kamada H, Shimada T (1993) Transformation of sweet potato (Ipomoea batatas (L.) Lam.) plants by Agrobacterium rhizogenes. Plant Sci 94: 151–159CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Otsuka Y, Shoji J, Takido M, Jong-chol C (1993a) Campanula glomerata, Campanula punctata. In: A pictorial encyclopaedia of Chinese medicinal herbs III, Japanese edition, Chuokoron-Sha, Tokyo & The Commercial Press, Hong Kong, 190 ppGoogle Scholar
  19. Otsuka Y, Shoji J, Takido M, Jong-chol C (1993b) Campanula pallida. In: A pictorial encyclopaedia of Chinese medicinal herbs VIII, Japanese edition, Chuokoron-Sha, Tokyo & The Commercial Press, Hong Kong, 146 ppGoogle Scholar
  20. Petit A, David C, Dahl GA, Ellis JG, Guyon P, Casse-Delbart F, Tempé J (1983) Further extention of the opine concept: plasmids in Agrobacterium rhizogenes cooperate for opine degradation. Mol Gen Genet 190: 204–214CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Tada H, Shimomura K, Ishimaru K (1995) Polyacetylenes in Platycodon grandifiorum hairy root and campanulaceous plants. J Plant Physiol 145: 7–10CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Tada H, Nakashima T, Kunitake H, Mori K, Tanaka M, Ishimaru K (1996) Polyacetylenes in hairy root cultures of Campanula medium L. J Plant Physiol 147: 617–619CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Tanaka N (1990) Detection of opines by paper electrophoresis. Plant Tissue Cult Lett 7:45–47CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Tanaka N, Yamada Y, Shimomura K, Ishimaru K (1996a) Polyacetylenes in tissue cultures of Campanula glomerata. Plant Tissue Cult Lett 13: 215–217CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Tanaka N, Yoshimatsu K, Shimomura K, Ishimaru K (1996b) Rutin and other polyphenols in Fagopyrum esculentum hairy roots. Nat Med 50: 269–272Google Scholar
  26. Tanaka N, Matsuura E,Terahara N, Ishimaru K (1999) Secondary metabolites in transformed root cultures of Campanula glomerata. J Plant Physiol 155: 251–254CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Vervliet G, Holsters M, Teuchy H, Van Montagu M, Schell J (1975) Characterization of different plaque-forming and defective temperate phages in Agrobacterium strains. J Gen Virol 26: 33–48PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. White FF, Sinker VP (1987) Molecular analysis of root induction by Agrobacterium rhizogenes. In: Hohn T, Schell J (eds) Plant DNA infection agents Springer, Vienna, New York, pp 149–177Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2001

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Applied Biological SciencesFaculty of Agriculture, Saga UniversitySaga 840Japan
  2. 2.Department of Food Science and TechnologyCollege of Horticulture, Minami-Kyushu UniversityMiyazaki 884Japan
  3. 3.Department of Global Agricultural SciencesThe University of TokyoBunkyoku, Tokyo 113Japan
  4. 4.Tsukuba Medicinal Plant Research StationNational Institute of Health SciencesTsukuba, Ibaraki 305Japan

Personalised recommendations