Pneumologie pp 465-491 | Cite as

Besondere Therapieformen

  • Heinrich Matthys

Zusammenfassung

Die O2-Therapie hat eine lange und wechselvolle Geschichte. Seit der Entdeckung von Lavoisier, daß wir nicht von „phlogiston“ leben, sondern O2 verbrauchen und CO2 abgeben, wurde um die medizinische Indikation der O2-Therapie gerungen. Bert (1878) hat als erster die physiologischen Wirkungen von Hypoxie (Höhenmedizin) und Hyperoxie (Tauchmedizin) durch physikalische Messungen belegt und entsprechend seiner Zeit O2-Gaben für zahlreiche Krankheiten empfohlen. In der ersten Hälfte des 20. Jahrhunderts erkannte man die gefährliche atemdepressorische Wirkung des O2 bei chronischen Erkrankungen der Atmungsorgane mit Hyperkapnie, die zu einer verminderten Ansprechbarkeit des Atemzentrums fuhrt.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1982

Authors and Affiliations

  • Heinrich Matthys
    • 1
  1. 1.Abt. Pneumologie, Zentrum Innere Medizin, Robert-Koch-KlinikUniversität FreiburgFreiburgDeutschland

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