Parthenium argentatum Gray (Guayule): In Vitro Culture and the Production of Rubber and Other Secondary Metabolites

  • I. A. Trautmann
  • H. S. C. Spies
Part of the Biotechnology in Agriculture and Forestry book series (AGRICULTURE, volume 37)


The genus Parthenium L. with its 17 recognized species is native to the western hemisphere, extending, with the exception of the tropics, from southern Bolivia and northern Argentina as far north as Massachusetts (Rollins 1950). Parthenium argentatum (Fig. 1), a member of the family Asteraceae, is the only species containing considerable amounts of rubber (Estilai et al. 1985).


Suspension Culture Natural Rubber Callus Culture Shoot Culture Rubber Production 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • I. A. Trautmann
    • 1
  • H. S. C. Spies
    • 2
  1. 1.Nietvoorbij Institute for Viticulture and OenologyStellenboschSouth Africa
  2. 2.Department of ChemistryUniversity of StellenboschStellenboschSouth Africa

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