Advertisement

Marchantia polymorpha (Liverwort): Culture and Production of Metabolites

  • K. P. Adam
Part of the Biotechnology in Agriculture and Forestry book series (AGRICULTURE, volume 37)

Abstract

Marchantia polymorpha (Marchantiaceae) is a worldwide-distributed thallus liverwort. The plant is ubiquitous in man-influenced loci throughout cool and warm areas wherever adequate moisture conditions exist. It can usually be found on wet walls, along moist shores of creeks, and as a weed in greenhouses. Mass proliferation is often observed after forest fires.

Keywords

Cell Suspension Culture Eicosapentaenoic Acid Cupric Sulfate Aseptic Culture Marchantia Polymorpha 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Abe S, Ohta Y (1983) Lunularic acid in cell suspension cultures of Marchantia polymorpha. Phytochemistry 22: 1917–1920CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Abe S, Ohta Y (1984) The concentrations of lunularic acid and prelunularic acid in liverworts. Phytochemistry 23: 1379–1381CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Abe Tmoto S, Ohta Y (1985) Intracellular localization of lunularic acid and prelunularic acid in suspension cultured cells of Marchantia polymorpha. Plant Physiol 79: 751–755CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Adam KP (1992) Isolierung eines Lectins aus Freilandmaterial und phenolische Inhaltsstoffe von Sterilkulturen des Lebermooses Marchantia polymorpha L. Dissertation, Univ Saarbrücken, SaarbrückenGoogle Scholar
  5. Adam KP, Becker H (1993) Bisbibenzyl formation in aseptic cultures of Marchantia polymorpha L. Z Naturforsch 48c: 838–842Google Scholar
  6. Adam KP, Becker H (1994) Phenanthrenes and other phenolics from in vitro cultures of Marchantia polymorpha. Phytochemistry 35: 139–143CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Asakawa Y (1982) Chemical constituents of the hepaticae. In: Hertz W, Grisebach H, Kirby GW (eds) Progress in the chemistry of organic natural products, vol 42. Springer, Vienna New York, pp 1–285Google Scholar
  8. Asakawa Y (1990) Terpenoids and aromatic compounds with pharmacological activities from bryophytes. In: Zinsmeister HD, Mues R (eds) Bryophytes, their chemistry and chemical taxonomy. Proc Phytochemical Soc Europe. Clarendon Press, Oxford, pp 369–410Google Scholar
  9. Asakawa Y, Toyota M, Matsuda R, Takikawa K, Takemoto T (1983) Distribution of novel cyclic bisbibenzyls in Marchantia and Riccardia species. Phytochemistry 22: 1413–1415CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Asakawa Y, Toyota M, Bischler H, Campbell 0E, Hattori S (1984) Comparative study on chemical constituents of Marchantia species. J Hattori Bot Lab 57: 383–389Google Scholar
  11. Asakawa Y, Tori M, Takikawa K, Krishnamurty HG, Kar SK (1987) Cyclic bis(bibenzyls) and related compounds from the liverworts Marchantia polymorpha and Marchantia palmata. Phytochemistry 26: 8111–1816Google Scholar
  12. Asakawa Y, Okada K, Perold GW (1988) Distribution of cyclic his(bibenzyls) in the south african liverwort Marchantia polymorpha. Phytochemistry 27: 161–163CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Asakawa Y, Toori M, Masuya T, Frahm J-P (1990) Ent-sesquiterpenoids and cyclic bis(bibenzyls) from the German liverwort Marchantia polymorpha. Phytochemistry 29: 1577–1584CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Basile DV (1972) A method for surface sterilizing small plant parts. Bull Torrey Bot Club 99: 313–316CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Bopp M (1994) Somatic hybridization in bryophytes. In: Bajaj YPS (ed) Biotechnology in agriculture and forestry, vol 27. Somatic hybridization in crop improvement I. Springer, Berlin Heidelberg New York, pp 503–517Google Scholar
  16. Bopp M, Vicktor R (1988) Protoplast of Marchantia polymorpha and its development. Plant Cell Physiol 29: 497–501Google Scholar
  17. Gamborg OL, Miller RA, Ojima K (1968) Nutrient requirements of suspension cultures of soybean root cells. Exp Cell Res 50: 151–158PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Gellerman JL, Anderson WH, Richardson DG, Schlenk H (1975) Distribution of arachidonic and eicosapentaenoic acids in the lipids of mosses. Biochim Biophys Acta 388: 277–290PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Gleizes M, Pauly G, Suire C (1974) Les essences extraites du thalle des hepatiques. II. La fraction sesquiterpenique de 1’ essence de Marchantia polymorpha L. ( Marchantiale ). Botaniste 56: 209–214Google Scholar
  20. Gorham J (1977) Lunularic acid and related compounds in liverworts, algae and Hydrangea. Phytochemistry 16: 249–253CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Hamada H, Kawabe S (1991) Biotransformation of 4-androstene-3,17-dione by green cell suspension of Marchantia polymorpha: stereoselective reduction at carbon 17. Life Sci 48: 613–615PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Hamada H, Konishi H, Williams HJ, Scott AI (1991) Biotransformation of testosterone isomers by green cell suspension cultures of Marchantia polymorpha. Phytochemistry 30: 2269–2270CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Hamada H, Naka S, Kurban H (1993) Stereoselective reduction in the biotransformation of androstane derivatives by cell suspension cultures of Marchantia polymorpha. Chem Lett 21112112Google Scholar
  24. Hopkins BD, Perold GW (1974) (S)-2-Hydroxycuparene [p-(1,2,2-trimethylcyclopentenyl)-o-cresol] and 3,4’-ethylenebisphenol from a liverwort, Marchantia polymorpha Linn. J Chem Soc Perkin Trans. I: 32–36Google Scholar
  25. Kao KN, Michayluk MR (1975) Nutritional requirements for growth of Vicia hajastana cells and protoplasts at a very low population density in liquid media. Planta 126: 105–110CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Katoh K (1983a) Photosynthesis and photoassimilation of glucose during photomixotrophic growth of Marchantia polymorpha cells in suspension culture. Physiol Plant 57: 67–74CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Katoh K (1983b) Kinetics of photoautotrophic growth of Marchantia polymorpha cells in suspension culture. Physiol Plant 59: 242–248CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Katoh K (1988) Isolation and maintenance of callus and cell suspension cultures of bryophytes. In: Glime JM (ed) Methods in bryology. Proc Bryol Meth Workshop, Mainz. Hattori Botanical Laboratory, Nichinan, pp 99–105Google Scholar
  29. Katoh K, Ohta Y, Hirose Y, Iwamura T (1979) Photoautotrophic growth of Marchantia polymorpha L. cells in suspension cultures. Planta 144: 509–510CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Katoh K, Ishikawa M, Miyake K, Ohta Y, Hirose Y, Iwamura T (1980) Nutrient utilization and requirement under photoheterotrophic growth of Marchantia polymorpha: improvement of the culture medium. Physiol Plant 49: 241–247CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Markham KR, Porter LJ (1974) Flavonoids of the liverwort Marchantiapolymorpha. Phytochemistry 13: 1937–1942CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Markham KR, Porter LJ (1978) Production of an aurone by bryophytes in the reproductive phase. Phytochemistry 17: 159–160CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Matsuo A, Nakayama N, Nakayama M (1985) Enantiomeric type sesquiterpenoids of the liverwort Marchantia polymorpha. Phytochemistry 24: 777–781CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Murashige T, Skoog F (1962) A revised medium for rapid growth and bioassays with tobacco tissue cultures. Physiol Plant 15: 473–497CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Ohta Y, Takata T (1990) Secondary metabolite production in cultured cells of liverworts. In: Zinsmeister HD, Mues R (eds) Bryophytes, their chemistry and chemical taxonomy. Proc Phytochemical Soc Europe. Clarendon Press, Oxford, pp 359–365Google Scholar
  36. Ohta Y, Katoh K, Miyake K (1977) Establishment and growth characteristics of a cell suspension culture of Marchantia polymorpha L. with high chlorophyll content. Planta 136: 229–232CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Ohta Y, Abe S, Komura IT Kobayashi M (1984a) Prelunularic acid, a probable immediate precursor of lunularic acid, in suspension-cultured cells of Marchantia polymorpha. J. Hattori Bot Lab 56: 249–254Google Scholar
  38. Ohta Y, Abe S, Komura H, Kobayashi M (19846) Prelunularic acid in liverworts. Phytochemistry 23: 1607–1609Google Scholar
  39. Ono K (1973) Callus formation in liverwort, Marchantia polymorpha. Jpn J Genet 48: 69–70CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Ono K, Okamoto K (1984) Isolation and culture of protoplasts from the liverwort cell suspension cultures and the moss protonema. J Hattori Bot Lab 56: 201–207Google Scholar
  41. Ono K, Ohyama K, Gamborg OL (1979) Regeneration of the liverwort Marchantia polymorpha from protoplasts isolated from cell suspension culture. Plant Sci Lett 14: 225–229CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Pryce RJ (1972) The occurrence of lunularic acid and abscisic acid in plants. Phytochemistry 11: 1759–1761CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Schuster RM (1992) The Hepaticae and Anthocerotae of North America, vol 6. Field Museum of Natural History, Chicago, pp 324–334Google Scholar
  44. Shinmen Y, Katoh K, Shimizu S, Jareonkitmongkol S, Yamada H (1991) Production of arachidonic acid and eicosapentaenoic acids by Marchantia polymorpha in cell culture. Phytochemistry 30: 3255–3260CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Taira Z, Takei M, Endo K, Hashimoto T, Sakiya Y, Asakawa Y (1994): Marchantin A trimethylether: its molecular structure and tubocurarin-like skeletal muscle relaxation activity. Chem Pharm Bull 42: 52–56PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Vicktor R, Bopp M (1992) Observations on fusion products of protoplasts of liverworts. Crypt Bot 3: 45–49Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • K. P. Adam
    • 1
  1. 1.FR 12.3, Pharmakognosie und Analytische PhytochemieUniversität des SaarlandesSaarbrückenGermany

Personalised recommendations