Lactuca virosa L. (Bitter Lettuce): In Vitro Culture and Production of Sesquiterpene Lactones

  • A. Stojakowska
  • J. Malarz
  • W. Kisiel
Part of the Biotechnology in Agriculture and Forestry book series (AGRICULTURE, volume 43)


Lactuca virosa L. (family Asteraceae), also known as Lactuca silvestris Lam. or Wiestia virosa C.H. Schultz, is indigenous to south west Europe, North Africa and West Asia, and is also distributed in other regions of the Northern Hemisphere, including America. It grows singly or in clusters, on rocky soil and as a ruderal plant, on plains and uplands up to 1000m above sea level (Hallier 1887; Hegi 1929; Bremer 1994).


Root Culture Hairy Root Culture Growth Index Sesquiterpene Lactone Coniferyl Alcohol 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. Stojakowska
    • 1
  • J. Malarz
    • 1
  • W. Kisiel
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of PharmacologyPolish Academy of ScienceKrakowPoland

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