Advertisement

Chirurgie pp 117-134 | Cite as

Schock und Traumareaktion

  • M. Allgöwer
Part of the Springer-Lehrbuch book series (SLB)

Zusammenfassung

Der Ausdruck „Schock“ findet häufige, ja banale Anwendung im Alltag. In der Medizin erregt seine Verwendung öfters Anstoß, hilft er doch dem Denkfaulen, in seinen „weiten Taschen“ alles mögliche unterzubringen. Manches Schocksymposium der letzten Jahre endete mit dem Stoßseufzer, der mißverständliche Sammelbegriff Schock möge doch endlich durch einen auf der Pathogenese der verschiedenen Schockzustände basierenden Ausdruck ersetzt werden. Der Begriff Schack hat diesen puristischen Angriffen aber erfolgreich widerstanden, und er ist in der medizinischen Terminologie fester verankert denn je — nicht zuletzt wegen der Systematisierung unseres Wissens in verschiedenen Dokumentationssystemen. Er ist heute mit ordnenden Adjektiven unterteilt, wie beispielsweise traumatischer, kardiogener, septischer oder anaphylaktischer Schock.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Literatur

  1. Allgöwer M (1970) Schock. In: Hellner H, Nissen R, Vos-schulte K (Hrsg) Lehrbuch der Chirurgie, 6. Aufl. Thieme, StuttgartGoogle Scholar
  2. Allgöwer M, Burri C (1967) Schockindex. Dtsch Med Wochenschr 92: 1947Google Scholar
  3. Allgöwer M, Dürig M, Wolff G (1980) Infection and trauma. Surg Clin North Am 60: 133–144PubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. Baue AE (1976) Metabolic abnormalities of shock. Symposium on Response to Infection and Injury II. Surg Clin North Amer 56 (5): 1059Google Scholar
  5. Beecher HK (ed) (1951) The physiological effects of wounds. Board for the study of the severely wounded. US Government Printing Office Washington DCGoogle Scholar
  6. Bregentz SE (1986) Fat embolism. In: Allgöwer M (ed) Progress in Surgery, vol 6. Karger, Basel New York, pp 85–120Google Scholar
  7. Border JR et al. (1990) Blunt multiple trauma: Comprehensive pathophysiology and care. Dekker, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  8. Basel Border JR, Hassett J La Duca, Seibel J, Steinberg R, Mills S, Border B and D (1987) The gut origin septic state in blunt multiple trauma in the ICU anuals of surgery 206, 427–448Google Scholar
  9. Borg T, Gerdin B, Hallgren R, Modig J (1985) The role of polymorpho-nuclear leukocytes in pulmonary dysfunction induced by complement activation. Acta Anaesthesiol Scand 29: 231PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Buchanan EC, Murray WJ (1977) Hemorrhagic shock. Am J Hosp Pharm 34: 636PubMedGoogle Scholar
  11. Buckingham JC (1985) Hypothalamo-pituitary responses to trauma. Brit Med Bull 41: 203PubMedGoogle Scholar
  12. Burri C (1971) Die einfachen Kreislaufgrößen beim chirurgischen Patienten. Exp Med Pathol Klinik 33Google Scholar
  13. Cate JW, Bueller HR, Sturk A, Levin J (eds) (1985) Bacterial endotoxins. Structure, biomedical significance and detection with the limulus amebocyte lysate test. Liss, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  14. Clowes GHA Jr, Hirsch E, Williams L et al. (1975) Septic lung and shock lung in man. Ann Surg 181 (5): 681PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Davis HA (1962) Blood volume dynamics. Thomas, Springfield/ILGoogle Scholar
  16. Deitch EA et al. (1990) Hemorrhagic shock-induced bacterial translocation: the role of neutrophils and hydroxyl radicals. J Trauma 30, 942–952PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Dinarello CA (1984) Interleukin I. Ref Infect Dis 6: 51CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Duesburg R, Spitzbarth H (1963) Klinik und Therapie der Kollapszustände. Schattauer, StuttgartGoogle Scholar
  19. Fine J (1954) The bacterial factor in traumatic shock. Thomas Springfield/ILGoogle Scholar
  20. Fischer H (1870) Über den Schock. Sammlung klinischer Vorträge Nr. 10. Richard Volkmann. Enke, StuttgartGoogle Scholar
  21. Fuchsig P (1973) Polytrauma mit biotopisch gesicherter, klinisch nicht manifester pulmonaler Fettembolie. Chir Praxis 17: 189Google Scholar
  22. Goldberg LI, Hsieh YY, Resnekov L (1977) Newer catecholamines for treatment of heart failure and shock: An update on dopamine and a first look at dobutamine. Progr Cardiovasc Dis 19 (4): 327CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Grant RT and Reeve RB (1951) Observations on the general effects of injury in man with special reference to wound shock. Rep. Ser. Med. Res. (Lond.) 277, 1Google Scholar
  24. Gruber UF (1968) Blutersatz. Springer, Berlin Heidelberg New YorkCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Gruber UF, Messmer K (1977) Colloids of volume support. Prog Surg 15: 49PubMedGoogle Scholar
  26. Heinz CH et al. (1972) Die Todesursache bei schweren Unfällen, chirurgische Universitätsklinik Zürich 1961–1971. Heiv Chir Acta 39: 59Google Scholar
  27. Keith NM (1919) Reports of the special investigative committee on surgical shock and allied conditions. Spec. Rep. Ser. Med. Res. (Lond.) 27, 8Google Scholar
  28. Lewis HD, Del Maestro R,Arfors KE (1980) Free radicals in medicine and biology. Acta Physiol Scand [Supp] 4921: 1Google Scholar
  29. Messmer K (1974) Hämodynamik des Schocks. Langen-becks Arch Chir 337: 157CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Messmer K (1983) Traumatic shock in polytrauma: circulatory parameters, biochemistry and ressucitation. World J Surg 7: 26PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Messmer K (1984) Blood substitutes in shock therapy. In: Shires GT (ed) Shock and related problems. Churchill Livingstone, Edinburgh, p 192Google Scholar
  32. Messmer K (1990) Mechanisms of traumatic shock and their consequences. In: Border J, Allgöwer M, Hansen ST, Rüedi T (eds) Blunt multiple trauma. Dekker, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  33. Robertson OH and Bock AV (1919) Memorandum on blood volume after hemorrhage. Spec. Rep. Ser. Med. Res. (Lond.) 25, 213Google Scholar
  34. Schlag G, Redl HR (1985) Morphology of the human lung after traumatic injury. In: Zapol WM, Falke KJ (eds) Acute respiratory failure. Dekker, New York, p 161Google Scholar
  35. Schumer W (1984) Subcellular response to septic shock. In: Shires TGT (ed) Shock and related problems. Churchill Livingstone, Edinburgh, p 61Google Scholar
  36. Schumer W, Nyhus LM (1974) Treatment of shock. Lea & Febiger, PhiladelphiaGoogle Scholar
  37. Selkurt EE (1974) The influence of sustained hypotension on renal blood flow (RBF). Circulatory Shock 1 (2): 89Google Scholar
  38. Sevitt S (1962) Fat embolism. Butterworth, LondonGoogle Scholar
  39. Shah DM et al. (1977) Cardiac output and pulmonary wedge pressure. Arch Surg 112: 1161PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Shires T, Carrico CJ, Canizaro PC (1973) Shock. Major problems in clinical surgery, vol XIII. Saunders, Philadelphia London TorontoGoogle Scholar
  41. Shires T, Border JR, Sturm J (1985) Cardiopulmonary management of the severely injured. In: Rüedi TP (ed) State of the art of surgery. Socété Internationale de Chirurgie, Basel, p 98Google Scholar
  42. Shoemaker WC (1967) Shock. Thomas, Springfield/ILGoogle Scholar
  43. Shoemaker WC (1982) Pathophysiology and therapy of shock syndromes. In: Shoemaker WC, Thompson WL, Holbrook PR (eds) Textbook of critical care. Saunders, Philadelphia, p 52Google Scholar
  44. Wadstroem LB, Wiklund PE (1964) Effect of fat emulsions on nitrogen balance in the postoperative period. Acta Chir Scand [Suppl]: 325Google Scholar
  45. Wiggers CJ (1950) Pathophysiology of shock. University Press, HarvardGoogle Scholar
  46. Zweifach BW, Fronek A (1975) The interplay of central and peripheral factors in irreversible hemorrhagic shock. Propr Cardiovasc Dis 18 (2): 147CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1998

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. Allgöwer

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations