Biodiversity pp 353-365 | Cite as

Using Lake Titicaca’s biological resources — problems and alternatives

  • Wolfgang Villwock


A brief introduction of the geological history of the Altiplano and its water systems is followed by a description of the existing faunistic situation (autochthonous and endemic fishes of the genus Orestias versus exotic species, represented primarily by salmonids). Eco-social as well as ecological consequences and evolutionary aspects are discussed. In conclusion, four recommendations are made regarding a potentially sustainable use of natural resources in the Lake Titicaca region.


Nile Perch Similar Fate Endemic Fish Tourist Hotel Carnivorous Predator 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Empleo de los recursos biológicos del Lago Titicaca: Problemas y alternativas


A una breve introducción sobre la historia geológica del Altiplano y sus sistemas hidráulicos le sigue una descripción de la situación de la fauna existente (peces autóctonos y endámicos del género Orestias frente a especies exôticas, representadas principalmente por samónidos). Se discuten consecuencias tanto ecosociales como ecológicas y aspectos evolutivos. En conclusión, se presentan cuatro recomendaciones respecto a un uso potencialmente sostenible de los recursos naturales en la región del Lago Titicaca.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Courtenay WR, Stauffer JR (eds) (1984) Distribution, biology and management of exotic fishes. John Hopkins Univ Press, BaltimoreGoogle Scholar
  2. Ferguson MM (1990) The genetic impact of introduced fishes on native species. Canadian J Zool 68: 1053–1057CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Everett GV (1971) A Study of the Biology, Population Dynamics, and commercial Fishery of the Rainbow Trout (Salmo gairdneri RICHARDSON) in Lake Titicaca. FAO-Report 1–24 (cf. 1973: J Fish Biol 5: 429–40)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Kött A, Gaupp R, Wörner G (1995) Miocene to recent history of the western Altiplano in northern Chile revealed by lacustrine sediments of the Lauca Basin (18° 15’- 18°40’ S / 69°30’ — 69°05’ W). Geol Rundsch 84 (4): 770–780CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Kosswig C, Villwock W (1964) Das Problem der intralakustrischen Speziation im Titicaca- und im Lanao-See. Verh Dtsch Zool Ges Kiel (1964): 95–102Google Scholar
  6. Lauzanne L (1981) Description de trois Orestias nouveaux du Lac Titicaca, O. ispi n.sp., O. forgeti n.sp. et O. tcherna-vini n.sp. (Pisces, Cyprinodontidae). Cybium, 3e série, 5 (3): 71–91Google Scholar
  7. Loubens G (1989) Observations sur les poissons de la partie bolivienne du lac Titicaca. IV.Orestias ssp., Salmo gairdneri et problems d’aménagement. Rev Hydrobiol trop 22 (2): 157–177Google Scholar
  8. Monheim F (1956) Beiträge zur Klimatologie und Hydrobiologie des Titicaca-Beckens. Heidelb Geogr Arb H1: 1–152Google Scholar
  9. Moon HP (1939) The geology and physiography of the Altiplano of Peru and Bolivia. Trans Linn Soc 1: 27–43Google Scholar
  10. Newell N (1949) Geology of Lake Titicaca region, Peru and Bolivia. Geol Soc Am Memoir 36: 10Google Scholar
  11. Ogutu-Ohwayo R (1989) The decline of the native fishes of lakes Victoria and Kyoga (East Africa) and the impact of introduced species, especially the Nile perch, Lates niloticus, and the Nile tilapia, Oreochromis niloticus. Environ Biol Fishes in press (cit. after Ferguson 1990)Google Scholar
  12. Ochsenius C (1974) Relaciones paleobiogeograficas y paleoeco logicas entre los ambientes lenticos de la Puna y Altiplano Boliviano, tropico de Capricornio. Boletin de Prehistoria de Chile 6–7 (7–8): 101–137Google Scholar
  13. Seyfried H, Wörner G, Uhlig D, Kohler I (1994) Eine kleine Landschaftsgeschichte der Anden Nordchiles. Jb Univ Stuttgart: 60–72Google Scholar
  14. Urquidi WT (1969) Problemas de conversaciön de los recursos pesqueros de Bolivia. Boletin Experimental, 40: 1–16Google Scholar
  15. Vaux P, Wurtsbaugh W, Trevino H, Marino L, Bustamante E, Torres J, Richerson P, Alfaro R (1988) Ecology of the Pelagic Fishes of Lake Titicaca, Peru-Bolivia. 20 (3): 220–229Google Scholar
  16. Villwock W (1972) Gefahren für die endemische Fischfauna durch Einbürgerungsversuche und Akklimatisation von Fremdfischen am Beispiel des Titicaca-Sees (Peru/Bolivien) und des Lanao-Sees (Mindanao/Philippinen).Verh Internat Verein Limnol 18: 1227–1234Google Scholar
  17. Villwock W (1986) Speciation and adaptive radiation in Andean Orestias fishes. In: Vuilleumier F, Monasterio M (eds) Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford, pp 387–403Google Scholar
  18. Villwock W (1994) Die Titicaca-See-Region auf dem Altiplano von Peru und Bolivien und die Folgen eingeführter Fische für Wildarten und ihren Lebensraum. Naturwiss 80: 1–8CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Villwock W, Sienknecht U (1993) Die Zahnkarpfen der Gattung Orestias (Teleostei: Cyprinodontidae) aus dem Altiplano von Bolivien, Chile und Peru. Ein Beitrag zur Entstehung ihrer Formenvielfalt und intragenerischen Verwandtschaftsbeziehungen. Mitt Hamb zool Museum Inst 90: 321–362Google Scholar
  20. Villwock W, Sienknecht U (1995) Intraspezifische Variabilität im Genus Orestias VALENCIENNES, 1839 (Teleostei: Cyprinodontidae) und zum Problem der Artidentität. Mitt Hamb zool Mus Inst Suppl 92: 381–398Google Scholar
  21. Wurtsbaugh WA, Tapia RA (1988) Mass Mortality of Fishes in Lake Titicaca (Peru-Bolivia) associated with the Protozoan Parasite Ichthyophthirius multifiliis. Trans Am Fish Soc 117:213–217CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2001

Authors and Affiliations

  • Wolfgang Villwock
    • 1
  1. 1.Zoological Institute and Zoological MuseumUniversity of HamburgGermany

Personalised recommendations