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Biodiversity pp 243-267 | Cite as

Floristic inventory of Bolivia — An indispensable contribution to sustainable development

  • Stephan G. Beck
Chapter

Abstract

The first botanical collections and publications dealing with Bolivia date back to the beginning of the nineteenth century. Collectors of the historical material and the institutions housing them are listed. The floristic inventory was given important impetus during the last 15 years. The three major Bolivian botanical institutions built up plant collections with foreign aid and incorporated over 120,000 specimens. A map shows the area where specimens were collected. The flora is estimated at 17,000 flowering plants, 1,500 ferns and 1,200 bryophytes; several new records of families are given. A comparison with data contained in the Flora Neotropica monographs confirms the growing number of new records and new species for the flora. The commercial uses of floristic inventories are illustrated using examples and lists of little-known species of timber trees, fruits, various crops and tubers, forage species, medicinal plants. These examples and lists provide evidence that Bolivia shares a large amount of neotropical genetic resources and proof of their strong potential for country’s development. A ‘Flora of Bolivia’ project is proposed for the purpose of reinforcing and integrating various activities aimed at sustainable development.

Keywords

Core Collection Plant Genetic Resource Missouri Botanical Germ Plasm Timber Tree 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Inventario de la flora de Bolivia: Una contribución indispensable al desarrollo sostenible

Resumen

Las primeras colecciones y publicaciones botânicas sobre Bolivia se remontan a los inicios del siglo XIX. Se présenta una lista parcial de los coleccionistas del material histôrico y de las instituciones que los acogen. Al inventario de la flora se le dio un importante impulso durante los Ultimos 15 anos. Las très instituciones botânicas mas relevantes de Bolivia establecieron colecciones de plantas con ayuda extranjera incorporando mas de 120,000 especimenes. Un mapa muestra el area en la que se recolectaron los especimenes. La flora se estima en 17,000 plantas angiospermas, 1,200 briofitas y 1,500 helechos; se presentan varios registros nuevos de familias. Una comparaciôn con datos contenidos en las monografïas de la Flora Neotrôpica confirma que se esta produciendo un incremento en la cantidad de nuevos registros y nuevas especies en la flora. Los usos econômicos de los inventarios de la flora se ilustran mediante ejemplos y listas de especies poco conocidas de ârboles, frutas, diversos productos cultivables y tub00E9rculos, especies forrajeras y plantas médicinales. Estos ejemplos y listas son una muestra de que Bolivia dispone de una gran cantidad de recursos genéticos neotropicales y constituyen la prueba de su enorme potencial para el desarrollo del pais. Se propone llevar a cabo un proyecto sobre “La Flora de Bolivia” con el propôsito de reforzar e integrar una série de actividades que tienen como objetivo el desarrollo sostenible.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2001

Authors and Affiliations

  • Stephan G. Beck
    • 1
  1. 1.National Herbarium of BoliviaLa PazBolivia

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