Advertisement

Chemical Bonding in Solids

  • Harald Ibach
  • Hans Lüth
Chapter
  • 1.2k Downloads
Part of the Advanced Texts in Physics book series (ADTP)

Abstract

Solid-state physics is the physics of that state of matter in which a large number of atoms are chemically bound to produce a dense solid aggregate. The emphasis in this statement is placed on the large number of atoms involved, since that number is of the order of 1023 cm−3. At first sight it would seem to be a hopeless task to try to apply traditional scientific methods for the description of such a vast number of atoms. However, it is exactly the large number of atoms involved that in fact makes a quantitative description possible by means of new models, applicable specifically to solids. A prerequisite, though, for the success of these models, is that the participating atoms are not simply chosen at random from the periodic table of elements; the solid must be composed of a limited number of different elements whose atoms are arranged in space with a certain order. Thus, for the solid state physicist, the showpieces are the “elementary” crystals, i.e., three-dimensional periodic arrangements of atoms of one type, or chemical compounds of two elements. An understanding of solids and of their characteristic properties thus requires that we first achieve a fundamental understanding of two particular phenomena: the first is that of the forces that hold together the atoms of a solid, in other words, the chemical bonding between atoms. The second important aspect is the structural ordering of the atoms within the solid. A consideration of these two basic questions forms the content of the first two chapters. In both cases it will only be possible to give a short introduction and for a more detailed discussion of these phenomena the reader is referred to textbooks on quantum chemistry and crystallography.

Keywords

Electron Affinity Periodic Table Ionic Bonding Electronegative Atom Tetrahedral Configuration 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

Chapter 1

  1. 1.1
    L. Pauling: The Nature of the Chemical Bond, 3rd edn. ( Cornell Univ. Press, Ithaca, NY 1960 )Google Scholar
  2. 1.2
    S. Göttlicher: Acta Cryst. B 24, 122 (1968)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 1.3
    Y.W. Yang, P. Coppens: Solid State Commun. 15, 1555 (1974)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 1.4
    S.P. Walch, W.A. Goddard, III: Surf. Sci. 72, 645 (1978)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Further Reading

  1. Ballhausen, C. J., Gray, H.B.: Molecular Orbital Theory (Benjamin, New York 1964 )Google Scholar
  2. Cartmell, E., Fowles, G.W.A.: Valency and Molecular Structure, 2nd edn. ( Butterworths, London 1961 )Google Scholar
  3. Coulson, C.A.: Valence, 2nd edn. ( Oxford Univ. Press, Oxford 1961 )Google Scholar
  4. Hartmann, H.: Theorie der chemischen Bindung ( Springer, Berlin Heidelberg 1954 )zbMATHGoogle Scholar
  5. Pauling, L.: Die Natur der chemischen Bindung ( Chemie-Verlag, Weinheim 1964 )Google Scholar
  6. Philips, J.C.: Covalent Bonding in Crystals, Molecules and Polymers ( The Univ. of Chicago Press, Chicago 1969 )Google Scholar
  7. Slater, J. C.: Quantum Theory of Molecules and Solids ( McGraw-Hill, New York 1963 )zbMATHGoogle Scholar
  8. Vinogradov, S.N., Linell, R.H.: Hydrogen Bonding ( Van Nostrand-Reinhold, New York 1971 )Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • Harald Ibach
    • 1
    • 2
  • Hans Lüth
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Institut für Schichten und GrenzflächenForschungszentrum Jülich GmbHJülichGermany
  2. 2.Rheinisch-Westfälische Technische HochschuleAachenGermany

Personalised recommendations