The Solar System

  • Hannu Karttunen
  • Pekka Kröger
  • Heikki Oja
  • Markku Poutanen
  • Karl Johan Donner


The solar system consists of a central star, called the Sun, nine planets, dozens of moons, thousands of minor planets, and myriads of comets and meteoroids. The planets in order from the Sun are: Mercury, Venus, Earth, Mars, Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, Neptune, and Pluto.


Solar Wind Solar System Semimajor Axis Giant Planet Terrestrial Planet 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Further Reading

  1. Atreya, Pollack, Matthews (eds.): Origin and Evolution of Planetary and Satellite Atmospheres, 1989;Google Scholar
  2. Bergstrahl, Miner, Matthews (eds.): Uranus, 1991;Google Scholar
  3. Binzel, Gehrels, Matthews (eds.): Asteroids II, 1989;Google Scholar
  4. Burns, Matthews (ed.): Satellites,1986;Google Scholar
  5. Cruikshank: Neptune and Triton,1996;Google Scholar
  6. Gehrels (ed.): Jupiter,1976;Google Scholar
  7. Gehrels (ed.): Asteroids,1979;Google Scholar
  8. Gehrels (ed.): Saturn,1984;Google Scholar
  9. Gehrels (ed.): Hazards due to Comets and Asteroids,1994;Google Scholar
  10. Greenberg, Brahic (eds.): Planetary Rings,1984;Google Scholar
  11. Hunten, Colin, Donahue, Moroz (eds.): Venus, 1983;Google Scholar
  12. Kieffer, Jakosky, Snyder, Matthews (eds.): Mars, 1992;Google Scholar
  13. Lewis, Matthews, Guerreri (eds.): Resources of Near-Earth Space, 1993;Google Scholar
  14. Morrison (ed.): Satellites of Jupiter,1982;Google Scholar
  15. Vilas, Chapman, Matthews (eds.): Mercury, 1988;Google Scholar
  16. Wilkening (ed.): Comets,1982;Google Scholar
  17. Beatty, Chaikin (eds.): The New Solar System, Sky Publishing, 3rd ed. 1990.Google Scholar
  18. Encrenaz, Bibring, Blanc: The Solar System, Springer 1990.Google Scholar
  19. Heiken, Vaniman, French (eds.): Lunar Sourcebook, Cambridge University Press 1991.Google Scholar
  20. Lewis: Physics and Chemistry of the Solar System, Academic Press, Revised Edition 1997.Google Scholar
  21. Minnaert: Light and Color in the Outdoors,Springer 1993.Google Scholar
  22. Schmadel: Dictionary of Minor Planet Names,Springer 1992.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hannu Karttunen
    • 1
  • Pekka Kröger
    • 2
  • Heikki Oja
    • 3
  • Markku Poutanen
    • 4
  • Karl Johan Donner
    • 5
  1. 1.Tuorla ObservatoryUniversity of TurkuPiikkiöFinland
  2. 2.HelsinkiFinland
  3. 3.Observatory and University of HelsinkiHelsinkiFinland
  4. 4.Finnish Geodetic InstituteMasalaFinland
  5. 5.Finnish Geodetic InstituteHelsinkiFinland

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