Stellar Structure

  • Hannu Karttunen
  • Pekka Kröger
  • Heikki Oja
  • Markku Poutanen
  • Karl Johan Donner


The stars are huge gas spheres, hundreds of thousands or millions of times more massive than the Earth. A star such as the Sun can go on shining steadily for thousands of millions of years. This is shown by studies of the prehistory of the Earth, which indicate that the energy radiated by the Sun has not changed by much during the last four thousand million years. The equilibrium of a star must remain stable for such periods.


Radiation Pressure Hydrostatic Equilibrium Fermi Momentum Stellar Model Helium Nucleus 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Further Reading

  1. Bowers, Deeming: Astrophysics I: Stars, Jones and Bartlett Publishers 1984.Google Scholar
  2. Böhm-Vitense: Introduction to Stellar Astrophysics; Cambridge University Press, Vol. 1–3 1989–1992.Google Scholar
  3. Clayton: Principles of Stellar Evolution and Nucleosynthesis,McGraw-Hill 1968.Google Scholar
  4. Hansen, Kawaler: Stellar interiors, Physical principles, structure and evolution, Springer 1994.Google Scholar
  5. Harpaz: Stellar Evolution,Peters Wellesley 1994.Google Scholar
  6. Kippenhahn, Weigert: Stellar Structure and Evolution, Springer, 2nd ed. 1994.Google Scholar
  7. Phillips: The physics of Stars,Manchester Phys. Ser. 1994, 2nd ed. 1999.Google Scholar
  8. Taylor: The Stars: their structure and evolution,Cambridge University Press 1994.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hannu Karttunen
    • 1
  • Pekka Kröger
    • 2
  • Heikki Oja
    • 3
  • Markku Poutanen
    • 4
  • Karl Johan Donner
    • 5
  1. 1.Tuorla ObservatoryUniversity of TurkuPiikkiöFinland
  2. 2.HelsinkiFinland
  3. 3.Observatory and University of HelsinkiHelsinkiFinland
  4. 4.Finnish Geodetic InstituteMasalaFinland
  5. 5.Finnish Geodetic InstituteHelsinkiFinland

Personalised recommendations