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Life at the Edge: Achieving Prediction from Environmental Variability and Biological Variety

  • A. RogersEmail author
  • D. Billett
  • W. Berger
  • E. Flach
  • A. Freiwald
  • J. Gage
  • D. Hebbeln
  • C. Heip
  • O. Pfannkuche
  • E. Ramirez-Llodra
  • L. Medlin
  • M. Sibuet
  • K. Soetaert
  • O. Tendal
  • A. Vanreusel
  • M. Wlodarska-Kowalczuk
Chapter

Abstract

The ocean margins contain a great variety of habitats and biological communities. Recent discoveries, such as deep-water coral reefs, show that these communities are poorly described and understood. However, observations have already indicated that benthic communities on ocean margins show high levels of spatial and temporal variation at all scales. The European continental margin is increasingly exploited for both biological resources (fisheries) and non-biological resources (oil, gas, minerals). Environmental management of the exploitation of continental margins requires an understanding of natural levels of variation inherent in biological communities that are potentially impacted by such activities. This paper presents a synthesis of the present knowledge of the spatial and temporal variation of slope communities. Priorities for future research and its technological development are discussed. The aim of this research is to provide a scientific basis for the environmental management of the continental slopes of Europe.

Keywords

Continental Margin Benthic Community Continental Slope Orange Roughy Coral Ecosystem 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. Rogers
    • 1
    Email author
  • D. Billett
    • 2
  • W. Berger
    • 3
  • E. Flach
    • 4
  • A. Freiwald
    • 5
  • J. Gage
    • 6
  • D. Hebbeln
    • 7
  • C. Heip
    • 8
  • O. Pfannkuche
    • 9
  • E. Ramirez-Llodra
    • 1
  • L. Medlin
    • 10
  • M. Sibuet
    • 11
  • K. Soetaert
    • 8
  • O. Tendal
    • 12
  • A. Vanreusel
    • 13
  • M. Wlodarska-Kowalczuk
    • 14
  1. 1.School of Ocean & Earth Science, Southampton Oceanography CentreUniversity of SouthamptonSouthamptonUK
  2. 2.George Deacon Division for Ocean ProcessesSouthampton Oceanography CentreSouthamptonUK
  3. 3.Scripps Institution of OceanographyUCLASan Diego, La JollaUSA
  4. 4.Department of Systems EcologyUniversity of StockholmStockholmSweden
  5. 5.Institut und Museum für Geologie und PaläontologieUniversität TübingenTübingenGermany
  6. 6.Dunstaffnage Marine LaboratoryScottish Association for Marine ScienceOban, ArgyllUK
  7. 7.Fachbereich GeowissenschaftenUniversität BremenBremenGermany
  8. 8.NIOO-CEMOYersekeThe Netherlands
  9. 9.GEOMARKielGermany
  10. 10.Alfred Wegener InstitutBremerhavenGermany
  11. 11.DRO/Dépt Environment Profond, IFREMERCentre de BrestPlouzane CedexFrance
  12. 12.Zoological MuseumUniversity of CopenhagenCopenhagenDenmark
  13. 13.Marine Biology SectionUniversity of GentGentBelgium
  14. 14.Marine Ecology Department, Polish Academy of SciencesInstitute of OceanographySopotPoland

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