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The Superfluidity of Liquid Helium

  • Philippe A. Martin
  • François Rothen
Chapter
  • 324 Downloads
Part of the Texts and Monographs in Physics book series (TMP)

Abstract

The helium atom is particularly simple, stable and symmetric. Two 1s electrons of opposite spin fill the K shell and are bound closely to the nucleus: its ionization potential of 24.5 eV is larger than for any other atom. Transitions between atomic levels due to thermal agitation have very low probability when the temperature is below 103 K.

Keywords

Liquid Helium Bose Condensation Quantum Liquid Bose Statistic Superfluid Component 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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References

Superfluidity of Liquid Helium

  1. R. P. Feynman, “Application of quantum mechanics to liquid helium” in Progress in Low Temperature Physics I, C. J. Gorter (ed.), North-Holland. 1955.Google Scholar
  2. K. R. Atkins, Liquid helium,, Cambridge University Press, 1959.Google Scholar
  3. F. London, Superfluids (2 vol.), tome II, Dover, 1964.Google Scholar
  4. L. D. Landau, E. M. Lifchitz, Physique statistique,chap. (i, Mir, 1967 (2nd edition).Google Scholar
  5. J. Wilks, The properties of liquid and solid helium, Clarendon, 1967.Google Scholar
  6. R. P. Feynman, Statistical mechanics, chap. 11, Benjamin, 1972.Google Scholar
  7. D. R. Tilley, J. Tilley, Superfluidity and superconductivity, Hilger, 1986.Google Scholar
  8. J. Wilks, D. S. Betts, An introduction to liquid helium, Clarendon, 1987.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  • Philippe A. Martin
    • 1
  • François Rothen
    • 2
  1. 1.Institute for Theoretical PhysicsSwiss Federal Institute for TechnologyLausanneSwitzerland
  2. 2.Institute of Condensed Matter PhysicsUniversity of LausanneLausanneSwitzerland

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