Direct Observations of Cosmic Rays

  • Reinhard Schlickeiser
Part of the Astronomy and Astrophysics Library book series (AAL)


With the technical capability of flying balloons high in the Earth atmosphere and launching satellites into extraterrestrial space carrying light-weight solid-state particle detectors, which was achieved after World War II, the original ground-based cosmic ray airshower experiments were supplemented by in situ measurements of the cosmic ray flux in the interplanetary space. Today, detectors on board spacecraft routinely provide spatial and temporal information on the particle energy spectra throughout the heliosphere.


Solar Wind Solar System Solar Flare Solar Energetic Particle Solar Modulation 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  • Reinhard Schlickeiser
    • 1
  1. 1.Theoretische Physik IVRuhr-Universität BochumBochumGermany

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