Advertisement

Remote Sensing Applications in Coastal Zone Management

  • Herbert Siegel
  • Monika Gerth
  • Thomas Ohde
Part of the Central and Eastern European Development Studies book series (CEEDES)

Abstract

Satellite data of both sea surface temperature and ocean colour provide the opportunity to study dynamic features and the distribution of water constituents synoptically. A number of available and future satellite sensors with different spatial, temporal and spectral resolutions are presented. They allow to monitor both water temperature and quality in special areas influenced by algal blooms (including cyanobacteria) or in river water containing high concentrations of chlorophyll, suspended matter or yellow substances that change the turbidity. The optical properties and water constituents are also related to associated variables such as dissolved and particle-bound nutrients as well as inorganic and organic pollutants, especially in river mouth areas.

The satellite-derived sea surface temperature (SST) and water constituent maps are applied in Baltic Sea research in five main topics: climatological aspects, dynamic processes, water exchange in river mouth areas, phytoplankton blooms and monitoring with special focus on event monitoring. Inter-annual variations in SST have been studied and used for the annual assessment of the state of the Baltic marine environment. SST data were applied to observe dynamic features and to understand the responsible processes in combination with numerical modelling. Phytoplankton development in spring and summer was investigated in relation to SST and meteorological conditions. Systematic investigations of the distribution of river water and coastal regions influenced by that water were performed in the Pomeranian Bight, which has the largest freshwater inflow into the western Baltic Sea from the Oder River. Satellite data delivered an important contribution to the monitoring of the river plume during the exceptional Oder flood event and of the development of cyanobacteria in summer 1997. Additionally, ocean colour data were used to follow the transport of suspended matter, which is an important tracer for inorganic and organic pollutants such as trace metals, chlorinated carbons or bacteria and viruses to identify their extent and the affected areas. Data of higher spatial resolution were implemented in special coastal investigations.

Keywords

Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer River Plume Coastal Zone Management River Mouth Area 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Matthäus W, Nausch G, Lass HU, Nagel K, Siegel H (2000) Hydrographisch-chemische Zustandseinschätzung der Ostsee 1999. Institut fir Ostseeforschung Warnemünde, Meereswissenschaftliche Berichte, 39Google Scholar
  2. Pastuszak M, Siegel H, Sitek H, Gerth M, Tschersich G, Grelowski A (1999) Impact of water temperature on nutrient concentrations in the Oder estuary in 1996–1998. Deutsche Hydrogr. Z. 51 (4): 423–439Google Scholar
  3. Pohl C, Hennings U, Peterson I, Siegel H (1998) Trace Metal Budget, transport, modification and sink in the transition area between the Oder and Peene rivers and the southern Pomeranian Bight. Marine pollution Bulletin 36 (8): 598–616.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Schmidt M, Seifert T, Lass HU, Fennel W (1998) Patterns of salt propagation in the southwestern Baltic Sea. Deutsche Hydrogr. Z. 50 (4): 345–364.Google Scholar
  5. Schmidt T (1995) Mesoskale Zirkulationsprozesse in der westlichen Ostsee unter besonderer Berücksichtigung von Austauschvorgängen über die Darßer Schwelle. PhD Thesis, Rostock, pp 136Google Scholar
  6. Siegel H, Gerth M (2000a) The exceptional summer 1997 in the Baltic Sea — The warmest August, the Oder flood, and phytoplankton blooms. In: Halpern D (ed) Satellites, Oceanography and Society, Elsevier Oceanography Series, pp 239–254CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Siegel H, Gerth M (2000b) Satellite-based studies of the Oder flood event in the southwestern Baltic Sea in summer 1997. Remote Sens. Environ. 73: 207–217Google Scholar
  8. Siegel H, Gerth M, Mutzke A (1999a) Dynamics of the Oder river plume in the southern Baltic Sea - Satellite data and numerical modelling. Cont. Shelf Res. 19: 1143–1159Google Scholar
  9. Siegel H, Gerth M, Ohde T (1999b) Remote sensing of phytoplankton blooming in the Baltic Sea using SeaWiFS data. In: IGARSS `99: proceedings IEEE International Geo-science and Remote Sensing Symposium, 28.6. — 2.7.1999, Hamburg. Piscataway: IEEE. 2: pp 837–839Google Scholar
  10. Siegel H, Gerth M, Ohde T (2001) Dynamical features along the German Baltic Sea coast - Contribution to the coastal monitoring. In: Proceedings of the Conference “Oceans from Space Venice 2000”, 9–13 October 2000, Venice (Italy ), submittedGoogle Scholar
  11. Siegel H, Gerth M, Schmidt T (1996) Water exchange in the Pomeranian Bight investigated by satellite data and shipborne measurements. Cont. Shelf Res. 16 (14): 1793–1817CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Siegel H, Gerth M, Neumann T, Doerffer R (1999c) Case studies on phytoplankton blooms in coastal and open waters of the Baltic Sea using Coastal Zone Colour Scanner data. Int. J. Rem. Sens. 20 (7): 1249–1264CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Siegel H, Gerth M, Rudloff R, Tschersich G (1994) Dynamical features in the western Bal- tic Sea investigated using NOAA- AVHRR data. Deutsche Hydrogr. Z. 3: 191–209Google Scholar
  14. Siegel H, Gerth M, Tiesel R, Tschersich G (1999d) Seasonal and interannual variations in satellite derived Sea Surface Temperature of the Baltic Sea in the 1990’s. Deutsche Hydrogr. Z. 51 (4): 407–42Google Scholar
  15. Siegel H, Matthäus W, Bruhn R, Gerth M, Nausch G, Neumann T, Pohl C, (1998) The exceptional Oder flood in summer 1997- distribution of the Oder discharge in the Pomeranian Bight. Deutsche Hydrogr. Z 50 (2 3): 145–167Google Scholar
  16. Wasmund N, Alheit J, Pollehne F, Siegel H, Zettler M (1998) Ergebnisse des Biologischen Monitorings der Ostsee im Jahre 1997 im Vergleich mit bisherigen Untersuchungen. Institut für Ostseeforschung Warnemünde, Meereswissenschaftliche Berichte, 32, pp 66Google Scholar
  17. Wasmund N, Alheit J, Pollehne F, Siegel H, Zettler M (1999) Der biologische Zustand der Ostsee im Jahre 1998 auf der Basis von Phytoplankton-und Zooplanktonuntersuchungen. Institut für Ostseeforschung Warnemünde, Meereswissenschaftliche Berichte, 37, pp 73Google Scholar
  18. Wasmund N, Alheit J, Pollehne F, Siegel H, (2000) Der biologische Zustand der Ostsee im Jahre 1999 auf der Basis von Phytoplankton-und Zooplanktonuntersuchungen. Institut für Ostseeforschung Warnemünde, Meereswissenschaftliche Berichte, 43, pp 65Google Scholar
  19. Witt G, Siegel H (2000) The consequences of the Oder flood in 1997 on the distribution of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons (PAHs) in the Oder River Estuary. Marine Poll. Bull. 40 (12): 1124–1131Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  • Herbert Siegel
    • 1
  • Monika Gerth
    • 1
  • Thomas Ohde
    • 1
  1. 1.Baltic Sea Research Institute (IOW)Rostock-WarnemündeGermany

Personalised recommendations