Advertisement

Physical Barriers for the Control of Insect Pests

  • Gilles Boiteau
  • Robert S. Vernon

Abstract

Insecticides have become such an important part of insect pest management that they are the first line of defence considered whenever a problem develops. As a result, producers and consumers have become quite dependent on insecticides for the production of inexpensive and esthetically pleasing foods (Chagnon and Payette 1990; Storch 1996). The availability, relatively low cost, high efficiency and ease of application of insecticides continue to ensure that they will remain the control method of choice, despite the known deleterious effects on human and environmental health. However, increasing public and media awareness of the negative side effects, erosion of the existing pesticide arsenal, and the steady development of insecticide resistance have encouraged and led to a renewal of interest in alternative control methods (e.g. Duchesne and Boiteau 1996).

Keywords

Gypsy Moth Colorado Potato Beetle Trap Crop Leptinotarsa Decemlineata Alternative Control Method 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Adlerz W.C., Everett P.H., (1968). Aluminum foil and white polythene mulches to repel aphids and control watermelon mosaic (Citrullus lanatus). J. Econ. Entomol. 61: 1276–1279.Google Scholar
  2. Antill D.N., Senior D., Blood-Smyth J., Davies, Emmett B., (1990). Crop covers and mulches to prevent pest damage to field vegetables. Brighton Crop Protection Conference, Pests and Diseases. Vol. 1, 355–360.Google Scholar
  3. Banks H.J., (1976). Physical control of insects — Recent developments. J. Aust. Entomol. Soc. 15: 89–100.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Bar-Joseph M., Fraenkel H., (1983). Spraying citrus plants with kaolin suspensions reduces colonization by the spiraea aphid (Aphis citricola van der Goot). Crop Prot. 2 (3): 371–374.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Beckman R.L, (1972). Colour preference and flight habits of thrips associated with cotton. J. Econ. Entomol. 65: 650–654.Google Scholar
  6. Boiteau G., (1986). Native predators and the control of potato aphids. Can. Entomol. 118: 117–1183.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Boiteau G., (1996). La pomme de terre au Canada. pp. 541–542, in P. Rousselle, Y. Robert et J. C. Crosnier, (eds.), La pomme de terre : production, amélioration, ennemis et maladies, utilisations. INRA Editions, Versailles, 607 p.Google Scholar
  8. Boiteau G., Osborn W.P.L., (1999). Comparison of plastic-lined trenches and extruded plastic traps for controlling Leptinotarsa decemlineata (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae). Can. Entomol. 13: 567–572.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Boiteau G., Singh R.P., (1988). Resistance to the greenhouse whitefly, Trialeurodes vaporariorum (Westwood) (Homoptera: Aleyrodidae), in a clone of the wild potato Solanum berthaultii Hawkes. Ann. Entomol. Soc. Am. 81: 428–431.Google Scholar
  10. Boiteau G., Pelletier Y., Misener G.C., Bernard G., (1994). Development and evaluation of a plastic trench barrier for protection of potato from walking adult Colorado potato beetles (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae). J. Econ. Entomol. 87: 1325–1331.Google Scholar
  11. Chagnon M., Payette A., (1990). Modes alternatives de répression des insectes dans les agro-écosystèmes québécois, tome 1: Document synthèse. Ministère de l’Environnement et Centre québécois de valorisation de la biomasse, Québec, 81 p.Google Scholar
  12. Cloutier C., Jean C., Bauduin F., (1996). More biological control for a sustainable potato pest management strategy, pp. 15–52 in R.-M. Duchesne and G. Boiteau (eds.). Lutte aux insectes nuisibles de la pomme de terre. Développement d’une approche durable. Agriculture et Agroalimentaire Canada, L’Union des producteurs agricoles et Gouvernement du Québec Ministère de l’Agriculture, des Pêcheries et de l’Alimentation, Québec, 204 p.Google Scholar
  13. Cohen S., (1981). Reducing the spread of aphid-transmitted viruses in peppers by coarse-net cover Cucumber mosaic virus and potato virus Y. Phytoparasitica 9: 69–76.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Cohen S., (1982). Control of whitefly vectors of viruses by color mulches Bemisia tabaci, pp. 45–56 in K.F. Harris and K. Maramorosch (eds.). Pathogens, vectors and plant diseases: approaches to control, Academic Press, New York.Google Scholar
  15. Cohen S., Marco S., (1973). Reducing the spread of aphid-transmitted viruses in peppers by trapping the aphids on sticky yellow polyethylene sheets. Phytopathology 63: 1207–1209.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Cohen S., Melamed-Madjar V., (1978). Prevention by soil mulching of the spread of tomato yellow leaf curl virus transmitted by Bemisia tabaci (Gennadius) (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae) in Israel. Bull. Entomol. Res. 68: 465–470.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Collman S.J., Antonelli A., (1994). Biology and control of tent caterpillars. Washington State University. Cooperative Extension. Extension Bulletin 1106, 4 pp.Google Scholar
  18. Davies J.S., Hembry J.K., Williams G.H., (1993). Novel production systems to minimize pesticide use in intensive field vegetable crops. Crop protection in Northern Britain 1993: Proceedings of a Conference, Dundee University, 23–25 March 1993, 195–200.Google Scholar
  19. Duchesne R.-M., Boiteau G. (eds.), (1996). Lutte aux insectes nuisibles de la pomme de terre. Agriculture et Agroalimentaire Canada, L’Union des producteurs agricoles et Gouvernement du Québec Ministère de l’Agriculture, des Pêcheries et de l’Alimentation, Québec, 204 p.Google Scholar
  20. Elkinton J.S., Liebhold A.M., (1990). Population dynamics of Gypsy moth in North America. Annu. Rev. Entomol. 35: 571–96.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Ellis P.R., Hardman J.A., (1988). Non-insecticidal contributions to an integrated programme for the protection of carrots against carrot fly. Bulletin — SROP. 1988, 9: 1, 33–39; In working group, integrated control in field vegetable crops, Denmark, 21–23 September 1987.Google Scholar
  22. Ferro D., (1996). Mechanical and physical control of the Colorado potato beetle and aphids, pp. 53–67 in R.-M. Duchesne and G. Boiteau (eds.). Lutte aux insectes nuisibles de la pomme de terre. Développement d’une approche durable. Agriculture et Agroalimentaire Canada, L’Union des producteurs agricoles et Gouvernement du Québec Ministère de l’ Agriculture, des Pêcheries et de l’ Alimentation, Québec, 204 p.Google Scholar
  23. Finch S., (1993). Integrated pest management of the cabbage root fly and the carrot fly. Crop Prot. 12: 423–430CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Folster E., (1989). Pay attention to crop rotation when using netting. Deutscher-Gartenbau. 43: 11, 688.Google Scholar
  25. Forbes, S.A., (1895). Experiments with the muscardine disease of the chinch-bug, and with the trap and barrier method for the destruction of that insect. University of Illinois Agricultural Experimental Station, Urbana. Bulletin 38: 25–86.Google Scholar
  26. Fusco R.A., Thurston R., (1970). Effect of coloured foils on green peach aphid infestations of burley tobacco. Tob. Sci. 14: 126–127.Google Scholar
  27. Harpaz I., (1982). Nonpesticidal control of vector-borne viruses, in Pathogens, Vectors and Plant Diseases: Approaches to Control (K. F. Harris and K. Maramorosch, eds.), Academic Press, New York, pp. 1–22.Google Scholar
  28. Haseli A, Konrad P., (1987). An alternative for plant protection in vegetables. Pest attack control with nets. Gemuse-Munchen. 23: 7, 320–324.Google Scholar
  29. Havukkala I., (1988). Non-chemical control methods against cabbage root flies Delia radicum and Delia floralis (Anthomyiidae). Ann. Agr. Fenn. 27: 271–279.Google Scholar
  30. Holopainen J.K., Varis A.-L., (1986). Effects of a mechanical barrier and formalin preservative on pitfall catches of carabid beetles (Coleoptera, Carabidae) in arable fields. J. Appl. Entomol. 102: 440–445.Google Scholar
  31. Hough-Goldstein J.A., (1987). Tests of a spun polyester row cover as a barrier against seedcorn maggot (Diptera: Anthomyiidae) and cabbage pest infestations. J. Econ. Entomol. 80: 768–772.Google Scholar
  32. Howard R.J., Garland J.A., Seaman W.L. (Eds.), (1994). Diseases and pests of vegetable crops in Canada. The Canadian Phytopathological Society and Entomological Society of Canada, Ottawa, 554 p.Google Scholar
  33. Hunt D.W.A., Whitfield G., (1996). Potato trap crops for control of Colorado potato beetle (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) in tomatoes. Can. Entomol. 128: 407–412.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Jolivet P., (1991). Le doryphore menace l’Asie, Leptinotarsa decemlineata Say 1824 (Col. Chrysomelidae). L’Entomologiste 47: 29–48.Google Scholar
  35. Judd G.J.R., Vernon R.S., Borden J.H., (1985). Monitoring program for Psila rosae (F.) (Diptera: Psilidae) in southwestern British Columbia. J. Econ. Entomol. 78: 471–476.Google Scholar
  36. Kemp W.G., (1978). Mulches protect peppers from viruses. Can. Agric. 23: 22–24.Google Scholar
  37. Kettunen S., Havukkala I., Holopainen J.K., Knuuttila T., (1988). Non-chemical control of carrot rust fly in Finland. Ann. Agr. Fenn. 27: 2, 99–105.Google Scholar
  38. Lewis T., (1965). The effects of an artificial windbreak on the aerial distribution of flying insects. Ann. Appl. Biol. 55: 503–512.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Lewis T., (1966). Artificial windbreaks and the distribution of turnip mild yellows virus and Scaptomyza apicalis (Dip.) in a turnip crop. Ann. Appl. Biol. 58: 371–376.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Lewis T., (1969). The distribution of flying insects near a low hedgerow. J. Appl. Ecol. 6: 443–452.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Lewis T., Dibley G.C., (1970). Air movement near windbreak and a hypothesis of the mechanism of the accumulation of airborne insects. Ann. Appl. Biol. 66: 1306–1307.Google Scholar
  42. Loebenstein G., Alper M., Levy S., Palevitch D., Menagem E., (1975). Protecting peppers from aphidborne (cucumber mosaic, potato Y) viruses with aluminium foil or plastic mulch. Phytoparasitica 3: 43–53.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Long B., (1994). Solving ant problems nonchemically. J. Pesticide Reform. 14: 22–23.Google Scholar
  44. Marsula R., Wissel C., (1994). Insect pest control by a spatial barrier. Ecological Modelling. 75/76: 203–211.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Mathis W., Smith E.A., Schoof H.F., (1970). Use of air barriers to prevent entrance of house flies. J. Econ. Entomol. 63: 24–31.Google Scholar
  46. Metcalf R.L., Metcalf R.A., (1993). Destructive and useful insects: Their habits and control. Fifth Edition. McGraw-Hill Inc., New York, 1094 p.Google Scholar
  47. Millar K.V., Isman M.B., (1988). The effects of a spunbonded polyester row cover on cauliflower yield loss caused by insects. Can. Entomol. 120: 45–47.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. Misener G.C., Boiteau G., McMillan L.P., (1993). A plastic-lining trenching device for the control of Colorado potato beetle: Beetle excluder. American Potato Journal 70: 903–908.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. Moore W.D., Smith F.F., Johnson G.V. Wolfbarger D.O., (1965). Reduction of aphid populations and delayed incidence of virus infection on yellow straight neck squash by the use of aluminium foil. Proc. Fla. Sta. Horticul. Soc. 78: 187–191.Google Scholar
  50. Moyer D.D., (1995). Trapping the Colorado potato beetles with plastic-lined trenches. 1994 New York State Vegetable Project Reports Relating to IPM. New York State IPM publ. #118.Google Scholar
  51. Moyer D.D., Derksen R.C., McLeod M.J., (1992). Development of a propane flamer for Colorado potato beetle control. Am. Potato J. 69: 599–600.Google Scholar
  52. Ng Y.S., Lashomb J.H., (1983). Orientation by the Colorado potato beetle (Leptinotarsa decemlineata Say). Anim. Behav. 31: 617–618.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. Paparatti B., (1993). Experiments in the integrated control of Phthorimaea operculella (Zeller) (Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae) in northern Latium. Frustrula- Entomologica 1. 6: 9–22.Google Scholar
  54. Payette A., Chagnon M., (1990). Modes alternatives de répression des insectes dans les agro-écosystèmes québécois, tome 4: Techniques physiques. Ministre de l’Environnement et Centre québécois de valorisation de la biomasse, Québec, 53 p.Google Scholar
  55. Pedgley D.E., (1982). Windborne pests and diseases: Meteorology of airborne organisms. Ellis Horwood Limited, Chichester, 250 p.Google Scholar
  56. Prévost Y.H., (1989). Environmental architecture — Preventing loss of seed production to insects in black and white spruce seed orchards. Proceedings, Cone and Seed Pest Workshop, 1989, St. John’s Newfoundland, Canada. Report N-X-274.Google Scholar
  57. Raccah B., (1986). Nonpersistent viruses and control: Epidemiology and control, pp 387–429 in K. Maramorosch, F. A. Murphy et A. J. Shatkin (eds.) Academic Press, Orlando, 444 p.Google Scholar
  58. Radcliffe E.B., Ragsdale D.W., Flanders K.L., (1993). Management of aphids and leafhoppers. Potato Health Management, edited by Randall C. Rowe, APS Press. pp 117–126.Google Scholar
  59. Riley C.V., (1876). Potato pests. Being an illustrated account of the Colorado potato-beetle and the other insect foes of the potato in North America. With suggestions for their repression and methods for their destruction. Orange Judd Co., New York, 108 p.Google Scholar
  60. Rorabacher J.A., (1970). The American buffalo in transition: a historical and economic survey of the bison in America. North Star Press. Minnesota.Google Scholar
  61. Roush R.T., Tingey W.M., (1994). Strategies for the management of insect resistance to synthetic and microbial insecticides, pp. 237–254 in G.W. Zehnder, M.L. Powelson, R.K. Jansson, and K.V. Raman. (eds.). Advances in Potato Pest Biology and Management APS Press, 655 p.Google Scholar
  62. Schoene W.J., (1914). The cabbage maggot in relation to the growing of early cabbage. New York Agricultural Experiment Station. Geneva, N. Y. Bulletin No. 382.Google Scholar
  63. Schorger A.W., (1955). The passenger pigeon: its natural history and extinction. Norman, University of Oklahoma Press, 1973, 424 p.Google Scholar
  64. Shands W.A., Simpson G.W., Storch R.H., (1972). Insect predators for controlling aphids on potatoes. 3. In small plots separated by aluminum flashing strip-coated with a chemical barrier and in small fields. J. Econ. Entomol. 65: 799–805.Google Scholar
  65. Skinner G., Finch S., (1986). Reduction of cabbage root fly (Delia radicum) damage by protective disks. Ann. Appl. Biol. 108: 1–10.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  66. Smith F.F., Webb R.E., (1969). Repelling aphids by reflective surfaces, A new approach to the control of insect-transmitted viruses, pp. 631–639 in K. Maramorosch (ed.). Viruses, Vectors, Vegetation, Wiley (Interscience), New York.Google Scholar
  67. Storch R.H., (1996). Insect pest control on potato with conventional insecticides, pp.95–112 in R.-M. Duchesne and G. Boiteau (eds.). Lutte aux insectes nuisibles de la pomme de terre. Développement d’une approche durable. Agriculture et Agroalimentaire Canada, L’Union des producteurs agricoles et Gouvernement du Québec Ministère de l’Agriculture, des Pêcheries et de l’Alimentation, Québec, 204 p.Google Scholar
  68. Thorpe K.W., Webb R.E., Aldrich J.R., Tatman K.M., (1994). Effects of spined soldier bug (Hemiptera: Pentatomidae) augmentation and sticky barrier bands on gypsy moth (Lepidoptera: Lymantriidae) density in oak canopies. J. Entomol. Sci. 29: 339–346.Google Scholar
  69. Tuttle A.F., Ferro D.N., Idoine K., (1988). Role of visual and olfactory stimuli in host finding of adult cabbage root flies, Delia radicum. Entomol. Exp. Applic. 47: 37–44.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  70. Vernon R.S, (1979). Population Monitoring and Management of Hylemya antiqua and Thrips tabaci in British Columbia Onion Fields, with Observations on Other Root Maggot Populations. Master of Pest Management Professional Paper, Simon Fraser University, Burnaby, B.C.Google Scholar
  71. Vernon R.S., Hall J.W., G.J.R. Judd, Bartel D.L., (1989). Improved monitoring program for Delia antiqua (Diptera: Anthomyiidae). J. Econ. Entomol. 82: 251–258.Google Scholar
  72. Weber D.C., Ferro D.N., Buonaccorsi J., Hazzard R.V., (1994). Disrupting spring colonization of Colorado potato beetle to nonrotated potato fields. Entomol. Exp. Applic. 73: 39–50.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  73. Wegorek W., (1959). The Colorado Potato Beetle (Leptinotarsa decemlineata Say). (Translated from Polish). Prace Naukowe Instytutu Ochrony Roslin. Vol. 1, No. 2.Google Scholar
  74. Weiss M., Cohen S., Marco S., Harpaz I., (1977). Failure of sticky yellow traps to reduce virus infection in squash (Myzus persicae, Aphis gossypii, Aphis fabae). Hassadeh (Tel-Aviv) 58(1): 75–78.Google Scholar
  75. Weisz R., Smilowitz Z., Saunders M., Christ B., (1995). Integrated Pest Management for Potatoes. College of Agricultural Science Cooperative Extension, PennState, State College. 16 pp.Google Scholar
  76. Wheatley G.A., (1975). Physical barriers for controlling cabbage root fly. Report of the National Vegetable Research Station for 1974. p. 97.Google Scholar
  77. Yudin L.S., Tabashnik, B.E., Mitchell, W.C., Cho J. J., (1991). Effects of mechanical barriers on distribution of Thrips (Thysanoptera: Thripidae) in lettuce. J. Econ. Entomol. 84: 136–139.Google Scholar
  78. Zehnder G.W., Hough-Goldstein J., (1990). Colorado Potato Beetle (Coleoptera: Chrysolelidae) population development and effects on yield of potatoes with and without straw mulch. J. Econ. Entomol. 83: 1982–1987.Google Scholar
  79. Zitter TA., Simons J.N., (1980). Management of plant viruses by alteration of vector efficiency and by cultural practices. Annu. Rev. Phytopathol. 18: 289–310.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2001

Authors and Affiliations

  • Gilles Boiteau
  • Robert S. Vernon

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations