Advertisement

Electrical Weed Control: Theory and Applications

  • Clément Vigneault
  • Diane L. Benoît

Abstract

The concept of using electrical energy to kill weeds was developed in the late 1800s and several patents have been registered in the United States since 1890. The most recent electrical weed control system consists of a tractor-driven device (Lasco Inc.) designed to destroy persistent weeds in row crops following conventional chemical treatment. The machine, called the Lasco LW5 Lightning Weeder, was manufactured in Vicksburg, Mississippi, and first appeared on the market in 1980 (Fig. 1).

Keywords

Sugar Beet Forward Speed Chenopodium Album Electrical Method Weed Density 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Anonymous, (1990). Agricultural machinery management data. Agricultural Engineers Yearbook. Am. Soc. Agric. Eng., St. Joseph, MI. ASAE D. 497 p.Google Scholar
  2. Anonymous, (1996). Guide to Weed Control. Ontario Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Rural Affairs. Publ. 75. 264 p.Google Scholar
  3. Chandler J.M., (1978). Crops and weed response to electrical discharge. Proc. South. Weed Sci. Soc. 31:63.Google Scholar
  4. Diprose M.F., Benson F.A., (1984). Electrical methods of killing plants. J. Agric. Eng. Res. 30:197–209.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Diprose M.F., Benson FA., Hackam R., (1980). Electrothermal control of weed beet and bolting sugar beet. Weed Res. 20: 311–322.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Diprose M.F., Benson F.A., Willis A.J., (1984). The effect of externally applied electrostatic fields, microwave radiation and electric currents on plants and other organisms, with special reference to weed control. Bot. Rev. 50:171–223.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Diprose M.F., Fletcher R., Longden P.C., Champion J., (1985). Use of electricity to control bolters in sugar beet (Beta vulgaris L.): a comparison of the electrothermal with chemical and mechanical cutting methods. Weed Res. 25: 53–60.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Diprose M.F., Hackam R., Benson F.S., (1978). Weed control by high voltage electric shocks. Proc. Br. Crop Prot. Conf. — Weeds 2: 443–450.Google Scholar
  9. Drolet C., Rioux R., (1983). Evaluation d’une rampe utilisant un courant électrique pour le contrôle des mauvaises herbes. Res. Branch, Agric. Can., Ottawa. ERDAF Rep. No. 345Z.01843–1-EC24. 66 p.Google Scholar
  10. Dykes W.G., (1980). Principles and practices of electrical weed control in row crops. Am. Soc. Agric. Eng., St. Joseph, MI. Paper 80–1007. 9 p.Google Scholar
  11. Guiraud D., Givelet M., (1981). Destruction électrothermique des betteraves montées. Compte rendu, II° conférence du COLUMA 1: 54–62.Google Scholar
  12. Hackam R., (1985). Development of a commercial scale high voltage machine for weed control in row crops. Res. Branch, Agric. Can., Ottawa. ERDAF Rep. No. 03SU.01916–2-EC35. 122 p.Google Scholar
  13. Kaufman K.R., Schaffner L.W., (1980). Energy requirements and economic analysis of electrical weed control. Am. Soc. Agric. Eng., San Antonio, TX. Paper 80–1007. 10 p.Google Scholar
  14. Kaufman K.R., Schaffner L.W., (1982). Energy and economics of electrical weed control. Trans. Am. Soc. Agric. Eng. 25: 297–300.Google Scholar
  15. Lutman P.J.W., (1980). A review of techniques that utilize height differences between crops and weeds to achieve selectivity. Pages 291–317 in J. O. Walker, ed. Spraying Systems for the 1980s. Crop Prot. Counc. Monogr. No. 24.Google Scholar
  16. Rasmusson D.D., Dexter A.G., Warren H., (1979). The use of electricity to control weeds. Proc. North Cent. Weed Control Conf. 34: 66.Google Scholar
  17. Roberts H.A., (1967). The problem of weed seeds in the soil in crop production in a weed free environment. Oxford Symp., Br. Weed Control Counc. No. 2. Blackwell Scientific Publ. Pages 73–82.Google Scholar
  18. Sanwald E., Koch W., (1978). Physical methods of weed control. Proc. Br. Crop. Prot. Conf. — Weeds 3: 977–986.Google Scholar
  19. Southwell P.H., Rothwell T.M., (1977). Analysis of output/input energy ratios of food production in Ontario. Res. Branch. Agric. Can., Ottawa. Contract No. OSW76–00048. 419 p.Google Scholar
  20. Uvarov E.B., Chapman D.R., Isaacs A., (1971). A Dictionary of Science. 4th ed. Penguin Books, Inc., Baltimore, MD. 443 p.Google Scholar
  21. Vigneault C., (1985). Use of electrocution as the primary means of weed control in row crops. Am. Soc. Agric. Eng., St. Joseph, MI. Paper 85–1507. 8 p.Google Scholar
  22. Vigoureux A., (1981). Results of trials carried out in Belgium in 1980 about killing weed beets by electric discharge. Meded. Fac. Landbouww. Ryksuniv. Gent. 46: 163–172.Google Scholar
  23. Vigoureux A., (1982). Mécanisation de la destruction des montées à graines en culture betteravière. Publ. Trimest. Inst. R. Belge L’Amélior. Betterave. 50: 3–36.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2001

Authors and Affiliations

  • Clément Vigneault
  • Diane L. Benoît

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations