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The Compressive Margin of the American Continents

  • Gunter Faure
Chapter

Abstract

Subduction of oceanic lithosphere under continental crust causes volcanic activity and uplift of compressive continental margins exemplified by the west coast of the American continents. The subsequent erosion of the uplifted continental margins has locally uncovered the plutonic rocks which form the roots of the volcanoes at the surface. Such tectonic processes have occurred throughout the history of the Earth and have produced igneous rocks whose ages range from Archean to Recent. Therefore, the continents have preserved a much more varied and extensive record of igneous activity than the present ocean basins whose ages do not exceed the Mesozoic Era.

Keywords

Volcanic Rock Lithospheric Mantle Mantle Wedge Crustal Rock Volcanic Zone 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2001

Authors and Affiliations

  • Gunter Faure
    • 1
  1. 1.Faculty of Geological Sciences, 329 Mendenhall LabOhio State UniversityColumbusUSA

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