Appendix B: Mathematical Background

  • Mika Hirvensalo
Part of the Natural Computing Series book series (NCS)


The purpose of this chapter is to introduce the reader to the basic mathematical notions used in this book.


Normal Subgroup Shannon Entropy Vector Space Versus Irrational Number Neutral Element 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2001

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mika Hirvensalo
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of MathematicsUniversity of TurkuTurkuFinland

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