Personal Income Distribution Within States and Income Inequality Between States in Brazil: 1960, 70, 80 and 91

  • Carlos Roberto Azzoni
Part of the Advances in Spatial Science book series (ADVSPATIAL)


The analysis of income inequalities among regions has gained new interest lately, with the development of the literature on endogenous growth. On the other hand, new evidence on personal income inequalities worldwide brings a growing interest on the subject. What remains to be done is the association of both aspects of income inequality: regional and personal. In this sense, the present chapter offers a different perspective on the internal-external distinctions raised by Miyazawa (1966, 1971); while Miyazawa considered the interactions between different types of sectors (manufacturing and non-manufacturing) as well as between regions, the formulation of income distribution was confined to distributions across groups within a region. The application to be described here takes the analysis one step further by addressing concerns about the role of internal (i.e. interpersonal income distributions) and their relationship with interregional distributions. In a sense, this chapter provides a complementary perspective to that advanced by Amos (1988); the focus of attention here was on income distribution within regions as the process of convergence was observed among the regions of the US.


Income Inequality Income Distribution Personal Income Income Class Rich State 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Amos, O.M. Jr. 1988. “Unbalanced regional growth and regional income inequality in the latter stages of development.” Regional Science and Urban Economics 18, 549–566CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Fisch, O. 1984. “Regional income inequality and economic development.” Regional Science and Urban Economics 14, 89–111.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Miyazawa, Ken’ichi. 1966. “Internal and external matrix multipliers in the input-output model.” Hitotsubashi Journal of Economics 7, 38–55Google Scholar
  4. Miyazawa, Ken’ichi. 1971. “An analysis of the interdependence between service and goods-producing sectors.” Hitotsubashi Journal of Economic 12, 10–21Google Scholar
  5. Nissan, E. and G. Carter. 1993. “Income inequality across regions over time.” Growth and Change 24, 303–19.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Taylor, A. M. and Williamson, J. G. 1994 “Convergence in the age of mass migration.” NBER Working Papers, No. 4711.Google Scholar
  7. Winship, C. 1976. “A re-evaluation of indexes of segregation.” Social Forces 55.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  • Carlos Roberto Azzoni
    • 1
  1. 1.Faculty of EconomicsUniversity of São PauloBrazil

Personalised recommendations