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Mycorrhiza pp 255–272Cite as

Proteins and Protein Activities in Endomycorrhizal Symbioses

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Abstract

Very little is as yet known of the molecular processes which determine the functional integration between symbionts in endomycorrhizal associations. The fact that, on the one hand, the obligate fungal biotrophs forming arbuscular endomycorrhiza (AM) cannot be maintained in pure culture without the host plant and that, on the other, ericoid or orchid endomycorrhiza have received relatively little attention, has retarded research advances in several domains, and in particular those concerning fungal identification in planta, the molecular basis of compatible interactions and determination of functional symbioses in situ. However, increasing information is being obtained using approaches that are based on the analysis of expressed genes or on metabolic activities of either symbiont in isolation or together. Proteins are key molecules in cellular metabolism and their most well known physiological function is their role as enzymes. The aim of this presentation is not to give an exhaustive review on proteins and gene expression in endomycorrhizal symbionts (see Gianinazzi-Pearson and Smith 1993; Gianinazzi-Pearson 1996 for this), but rather to discuss what their contribution may be to symbiont compatibility, and their role as potential tools for identifying the fungal partner or the functional state of the symbiosis.

Keywords

  • Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungus
  • Mycorrhizal Fungus
  • Arbuscular Mycorrhiza
  • Plasma Membrane ATPase
  • Endomycorrhizal Fungus

These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Gianinazzi-Pearson, V., Dumas-Gaudot, E., Gianinazzi, S. (1999). Proteins and Protein Activities in Endomycorrhizal Symbioses. In: Varma, A., Hock, B. (eds) Mycorrhiza. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-662-03779-9_11

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