Human beings are extremely interested in the observation of nature, as this was and still is of utmost importance for their survival. Human senses are especially well adapted to recognize moving objects as in many cases they mean eventual danger. One can easily imagine how the observation of moving objects has stimulated first simple experiments with set-ups and tools easily available in nature. Today the same primitive behavior becomes obvious, when small children throw little pieces of wood down from a bridge in a river and observe them floating downstream. Even this simple experimental arrangement allows them to make a rough estimate of the velocity of the running water and to detect structures in the flow such as swirls, wakes behind obstacles in the river, water shoots, etc.
KeywordsParticle Image Velocimetry Wind Tunnel Tracer Particle Light Sheet Particle Tracking Velocimetry
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