• D. Bogler
Part of the The Families and Genera of Vascular Plants book series (FAMILIES GENERA, volume 3)


Xerophytic, polycarpic, dioecious, or polygamodioecious perennials; shortly caulescent to large and treelike, stem fibrous, sometimes greatly swollen at base; trunks upright, reclining, or subterranean, often branched, covered by persistent leaves or scaly bark. Leaves in dense, terminal rosettes; blades linear with expanded spoonlike base, flat or concave, margins minutely serrulate or with enlarged prickles (Dasylirion), apices fibrous or brushy. Inflorescences in terminal, many-flowered, complex panicles, sometimes with dense axillary fascicles (Dasylirion); bracts large. Flowers mostly unisexual, trimerous, hypogynous, actinomorphic, articulated on jointed pedicels. Tepals 6, in 2 whorls, free, scarious, whitish yellow or tinged with purple. Stamens 6, ± exserted, rudimentary in pistillate flowers; filaments free, glabrous, inserted at base of tepals; anthers dorsifixed, introrse. Ovary with 1–3 locules, 3-sided, reduced and nonfunctional in staminate flowers; septal nectaries present; ovules 6, 2 per carpel; style short; stigma 3-lobed. Fruits dry, ± indehiscent, 3-winged samaras, 3-lobed ± inflated capsules, or 3-ribbed nuts; seeds 1–3 per fruit, phytomelan pigment not present; endosperm not starchy; embryo cylindrical, straight.


Staminate Flower Pistillate Flower Northern Central Perfect Flower Pistillate Inflorescence 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1998

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  • D. Bogler

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