• K. Kubitzki
Part of the The Families and Genera of Vascular Plants book series (FAMILIES GENERA, volume 3)


Small, erect, glabrous, terrestrial herbs from a short rhizome or tufted crown with a single basal leaf or several basally clustered, dorsiventral, lanceolate to linear leaves, sheathed at the base, sometimes 3-dentate at the apex. Inflorescence 1-several, the peduncle bracteate, either poorly paniculate or seemingly umbellate, the lateral flowers subtended by bracts and their pedicels provided each with an abaxial bracteole beneath the flower; flowers small, trimerous, pentacyclic, epigynous; tepals greenish, persistent, enlarging after fertilisation, provided with tepal nectaries (Campynemanthe); stamens inserted at base of tepals; anthers tetrasporangiate, basifixed or dorsifixed, dehiscing (latro-)extrorsely by longitudinal slits. Ovary 3-locular, inferior, with free styluli; placentation axile, ovules few to many per locule; septal nectaries lacking. Fruit a capsule, dehiscing by decay of the lateral or dorsal walls, or indehiscent; seeds 2-numerous, storing hemicellulose and fatty oil; embryo minute.


Calcium Oxalate Endosperm Development Linear Leaf Longitudinal Slit Terrestrial Herb 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Selected Bibliography

  1. Chase, M.W. et al. 1995. See general references.Google Scholar
  2. Dahlgren, R., Lu, A.-M. 1985. Campynemanthe ( Campynemaceae ): Morphology, microsporogenesis, early ovule ontogeny and relationships. Nord. J. Bot. 5: 321–330.Google Scholar
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  4. Dutt, B.S.M. 1970. Comparative embryology of angiosperms: Haemodoraceae, Cyanastraceae, Amaryllidaceae, Hypoxidaceae, Velloziaceae. Bull. Ind. Nat. Sci. Acad. 41: 358–374.Google Scholar
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  6. Goldblatt, P. 1986. Systematics and relationships of the bi-generic Pacific family Campynemataceae (Liliales). Bull. Mus. Nat. Hist. Nat. B, Adansonia IV, 8: 117–132.Google Scholar
  7. Goldblatt, P. 1995. The status of R. Dahlgren’s orders Liliales and Melanthiales. In: Rudall, P.J., Cribb, P.J., Cutler, D.F., Humphries, C.J. (eds.) Monocotyledons: systematics and evolution, Vol. 1. London: Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew pp. 181–200.Google Scholar
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  9. Lowry, P.P., II, Goldblatt, P., Tobe, H. 1987. Notes on the floral biology, cytology, and embryology of Campynemanthe ( Liliales: Campynemataceae). Ann. Mo. Bot. Gard. 74: 573–576.Google Scholar

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© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1998

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  • K. Kubitzki

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