• H. Maas-van de Kamer
Part of the The Families and Genera of Vascular Plants book series (FAMILIES GENERA, volume 3)


Small, saprophytic and colourless or rarely autotrophic and green annuals or perennials. Roots filiform, vermiform, branched and creeping, or sometimes coralloid. Rootstock a cylindric ± tuberous rhizome, sometimes with a clump of small tubers at each node, or a subglobose tuber. Flowering stems mostly unbranched, terete or occasionally bisulcate. Leaves of aerial stems alternate, sessile, entire, in saprophytic species small and scalelike, in autotrophic spp. green and small to rather large and often rosulate. Inflorescence a terminal 1-many-flowered cyme, usually a bifurcate cincinnus. Flowers perfect, sympetalous, usually actinomorphic, variously coloured, usually pedicellate; perianth basally tubular; floral tube persistent or upper part caducous or basally circumscissile, sometimes with longitudinal wings or ribs, sometimes with an ornamented annulus around the throat; tepals 6(-8) in 2 whorls, rarely 3, usually entire, rarely the inner ones connate into a mitre (Thismia).


Floral Anatomy Small Herb Lowland Rainforest Floral Tube Outer Tepal 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1998

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  • H. Maas-van de Kamer

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