Stereotactic Brachytherapy Physics
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The word “stereotactic” (or “stereotaxic”) is compounded from the Greek words “stereos,” meaning “solid” or “three-dimensional,” and “taxis,” meaning “arrangement” or “positioning.” Stereotactic brachytherapy refers to the accurate placement of radioactive sources with the aid of a special mechanical frame. Such frames allow a user to specify target points as precise three-dimensional (3-D) sets of coordinates, and to guide a probe along a variety of trajectories to hit a target with great accuracy. A high-resolution 3-D imaging technique, such as computed tomography (CT) or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), is usually required for identifying the targets.
KeywordsTarget Volume Interstitial Brachytherapy Seed Position Line Source Model Template Guide
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