Somatic Embryogenesis in Rubber Tree (Hevea brasiliensis Müll. Arg.)

  • M. P. Carron
  • H. Etienne
  • N. Michaux-Ferriere
  • P. Montoro
Part of the Biotechnology in Agriculture and Forestry book series (AGRICULTURE, volume 30)


Hevea brasiliensis Müll. Arg. (Family Euphorbiaceae), usually called rubber tree, may reach 25 m in height and 1 m in trunk diameter at 1 m above ground. Plantations for the production of natural rubber cover about 7 million ha mainly in Southeast Asia. As such, it represents an artificial forest as large as the Amazonian forest (Compagnon 1986). Ninety-three percent of the total production comes from Asia; Indonesia, Thailand, and Malaysia each produces about 25% of the total annual production (RSB 1992). The consumption (70% for tires) is distributed in industrial countries.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. P. Carron
  • H. Etienne
  • N. Michaux-Ferriere
  • P. Montoro
    • 1
  1. 1.CIRAD-Cultures Pérennes, Programme HeveaLaboratoires BIOTROPMontpellier CedexFrance

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