Somatic Embryogenesis and Synthetic Seed I

Volume 30 of the series Biotechnology in Agriculture and Forestry pp 353-369

Somatic Embryogenesis in Rubber Tree (Hevea brasiliensis Müll. Arg.)

  • M. P. Carron
  • , H. Etienne
  • , N. Michaux-Ferriere
  • , P. MontoroAffiliated withCIRAD-Cultures Pérennes, Programme Hevea, Laboratoires BIOTROP

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Hevea brasiliensis Müll. Arg. (Family Euphorbiaceae), usually called rubber tree, may reach 25 m in height and 1 m in trunk diameter at 1 m above ground. Plantations for the production of natural rubber cover about 7 million ha mainly in Southeast Asia. As such, it represents an artificial forest as large as the Amazonian forest (Compagnon 1986). Ninety-three percent of the total production comes from Asia; Indonesia, Thailand, and Malaysia each produces about 25% of the total annual production (RSB 1992). The consumption (70% for tires) is distributed in industrial countries.