• V. Bittrich
Part of the The Families and Genera of Vascular Plants book series (FAMILIES GENERA, volume 2)


Dioecious trees or shrubs, sometimes thorny. Leaves alternate, simple, entire, exstipulate. Flowers small, hypogynous, in axillary racemes or panicles, bracteoles present or absent; sepals 4–5; petals none; stamens 10–20, filaments distinct or connate at base; ovary bicarpellate, unilocular with one basal ovule; styles two; fruit a berry; seeds with an annular embryo surrounding the perisperm.


Ferulic Acid Pollen Morphology Short Shoot Terminal Flower Basal Ovule 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Selected Bibliography

  1. Behnke, H.-D. 1976. Ultrastructure of sieve-element plastids in Caryophyllales (Centrospermae); evidence for the delimitation and classification of the order. Pl. Syst. Evol. 126: 31–54.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Behnke, H.-D. 1981. Sieve-element characters. Nord. J. Bot. 1: 381–400.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Engel, T., Barthlott, W. 1988. Micromorphology of epicuticular waxes in centrosperms. Pl. Syst. Evol. 161: 71–85.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
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  5. Heimerl, A. 1934. Achatocarpaceae. In: Engler, A., Prantl, K. (Eds.) Die Natürlichen Pflanzenfamilien, 2.ed., 16c. Leipzig: Engelmann, pp. 174–178.Google Scholar
  6. Nowicke, J.W., Skvarla, J.J. 1979. Pollen morphology: the potential influence in higher order systematics. Ann. Mo. Bot. Gard. 66: 633–700.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
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  8. Schinz, H., Autran, E. 1893. Des genres Achatocarpus Triana et Bosia Linné et de leur place dans le système naturel. Bull. Herb. Boiss. 1: 1–14.Google Scholar
  9. Skvarla, J.J., Nowicke, J.W. 1982. Pollen fine structure and relationships of Achatocarpus Triana and Phaulothamnus A. Gray. Taxon 31: 244–249.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1993

Authors and Affiliations

  • V. Bittrich

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