Advertisement

Basic Principles of Magnetic Resonance Imaging and its Application in Myelin Disorders

  • Jacob Valk
  • Marjo S. van der Knaap

Abstract

It is not the purpose of this book to discuss in detail the physical principles of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) (see Valk et al. 1985). We will limit the discussion to what is necessary to understand the different sequences used in the illustrations, being respectively so-called T1-weighted (Ti W) images made with inversion recovery (IR) pulse sequences, or spin echo (SE) pulse sequences with short repetition time (TR) and echo time (TE), and T2-weighted (T2W) images made with SE sequences with long TR and long TE, often with simultaneous acquisition of multiple echoes (ME).

Keywords

Inversion Recovery Optic Neuritis Spin Echo Spin Echo Sequence Bright Signal 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Anderson M (1982) NMR imaging and neurology. Br Med J 284: 1359 - 1360CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Brant-Zawadzki M, Davis PL, Crooks LE, Mills CM, et al. (1983) NMR demonstration of cerebral abnormalities: comparison with CT. AJR 140: 847 - 854PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Brant-Zawadzki M, Enzmann DR, Placone RC, Sheldon P, et al. (1983) NMR imaging of experimental brain abscess: comparison with CT. AJNR 4: 250 - 253PubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. Brant-Zawadzki M, Norman D (1986) Magnetic resonance imaging of the central nervous system. New York: Raven PressGoogle Scholar
  5. Bydder GM, Steiner RE, Young IR, Hall AS, et al. (1982) Clinical NMR imaging of the brain: 140 cases. AJNR 3: 459 - 480Google Scholar
  6. Bydder GM, Young IR (1985) MR imaging: clinical use of the inversion recovery sequence. J Comput Assist Tomogr 9: 659 - 675PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Daniels DL, Haughton VM, Naidich ThP (1987) Cranial and spinal magnetic resonance imaging. New York: Raven PressGoogle Scholar
  8. Grossman RI, Wolf G, Bierry D, McGrath J, et al. (1984) Gadolinium enhanced NMR images of experimental brain abscess. J Comput Assist Tomogr 8: 204 - 207PubMedGoogle Scholar
  9. Harms SE, Siemers PT, Hildenbrand P, Plum G (1986) Multiple spin echo magnetic resonance imaging of the brain. Radiographics 6 (1): 117 - 133PubMedGoogle Scholar
  10. Haughton VM, Rimm AA, Sobocinski KA, Papke RA, et al. (1986) A blinded clinical comparison of MR imaging and CT in neuroradiology. Radiology 160: 751 - 755PubMedGoogle Scholar
  11. Johnson MA, Bydder GM (1984) NMR imaging of the brain in children. Br Med Bull 40: 175 - 179PubMedGoogle Scholar
  12. Johnson MA, Pennock JM, Bydder GM, Steiner RE, et al. (1983) Clinical NMR imaging of the brain in children: normal and neurologic disease. AJNR 4: 1013 - 1026Google Scholar
  13. Mills CM, Crooks LE, Kaufman L, Brant-Zawadzki M (1984) Cerebral abnormalities: use of calculated T1 and T2 magnetic resonance images for diagnosis. Radiology 150: 87 - 94PubMedGoogle Scholar
  14. Mills TC, Ortendahl DA, Hylton NM, Crooks LE, et al. (1987) Partial flip angle MR imaging. Radiology 162: 531 - 539PubMedGoogle Scholar
  15. Simmonds D, Banks LM, Steiner RE, Young IR (1983) NMR anatomy of the brain using inversion-recovery sequences. Neuroradiology 25: 113 - 118PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Valk J, MacLean C, Algra PR (1985) Basic principles of nuclear magnetic resonance imaging. Amsterdam: Elsevier’s Science PublishersGoogle Scholar
  17. Valk J (1987) MRI of the brain, head, neck and spine: a teaching atlas of clinical applications. Dordrecht, Lancaster, Toronto: Martinus Nijhoff PublishersGoogle Scholar
  18. Young IR, Burl M, Clarke GJ, Hall AS, et al. (1981) Magnetic resonance properties of hydrogen. Imaging the posterior fossa. MR 137: 895-901Google Scholar
  19. Zimmerman RA, Bilaniuk LT, Goldberg HI, Grossman RI, et al. (1984) Cerebral imaging. AJNR 5: 1 - 7Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jacob Valk
    • 1
  • Marjo S. van der Knaap
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Diagnostic Radiology and NeuroradiologyFree University HospitalAmsterdamThe Netherlands
  2. 2.Department of Child NeurologyAcademic HospitalUtrechtThe Netherlands

Personalised recommendations