Regulatory Functions of the Nervous System, as Exemplified by the Spinal Motor System

  • M. Zimmermann
Part of the Springer Study Edition book series (SSE)


Many functions of living organisms are regulatory processes—a certain state, characterized by a measurable quantity, is kept constant. Examples are the regulation of body temperature, of blood pressure, and of the position of the body in the gravitational field. In many cases of regulation, the nervous system plays a central role.


Muscle Length Control Circuit Stretch Reflex Undamped Oscillation Motoneuron Discharge 
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General Literature

  1. Granit, R.: The Basis of Motor Control. London, New York: Academic Press 1970.Google Scholar
  2. Grodins, F. S.: Control Theory and Biological Systems. New York: Columbia University Press 1963.Google Scholar
  3. Homma, S. (Ed.): Understanding the stretch reflex. Progr. Brain Res. 44, (1976).Google Scholar
  4. Houk, J.: Feedback control of muscle: a synthesis of the peripheral mechanisms. In: Medical Physiology. 13th ed. Vol. 1 (Ed. V. B. Mountcastle ), p. 668. Saint Louis: The C. V. Mosby Company 1974.Google Scholar
  5. Matthews, P. B. C.: Mammalian Muscle Receptors and Their Central Actions. London: Arnold 1972.Google Scholar
  6. Smith, J. M.: Mathematical Ideas in Biology. Cambridge and New York: Cambridge University Press 1968.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Wiener, N.: Cybernetics. Paris, New York: Freymann 1948.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1978

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. Zimmermann

There are no affiliations available

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