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Abstract

Sebaceous glands are unique in many respects when the general structure and physiology of the skin of various mammalian genera and species are considered. The second of the epidermal appendages to differentiate, following only the hair anlagen during ontogeny (Serri and Huber 1963; Bell 1971 b; Breathnach 1971), they soon connect directly by means of ducts with their associated hair follicles, thus forming pilosebaceous units. In some species, e.g., lemurs (Montagna 1962 b), the sebaceous glands of the general body surface lose their associations with hair follicles after fetal life and open directly onto the epidermal surface, but in most mammals, only specialized sebaceous glands, such as the Meibomian glands of the eyelids, routinely open onto surfaces. Among mammals, only whales and porpoises, which lack hair, are also devoid of sebaceous glands (Montagna 1962a). Classified as simple, branched glands, i.e., glands with ducts that do not branch, complete pilosebaceous units are difficult to depict in two dimensions, especially in large glands such as those of man, because several alveoli can discharge secretory products into one pilosebaceous canal at many sites located circumferentially at the same depth from the skin surface.

Keywords

Sebaceous Gland Preputial Gland Pilosebaceous Unit Golgi Zone Subhuman Primate 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1986

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mary Bell
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Anatomy and Cell BiologyUniversity of Cincinnati College of MedicineCincinnatiUSA
  2. 2.Gillette Research InstituteRockvilleUSA

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