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Thrombus Detection in Non-contrast Head CT Using Graph Deep Learning

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Bildverarbeitung für die Medizin 2022

Part of the book series: Informatik aktuell ((INFORMAT))

Zusammenfassung

In case of an acute ischemic stroke, rapid diagnosis and removal of the occluding thrombus (blood clot) are crucial for a successful recovery. We present an automated thrombus detection system for non-contrast computed tomography (NCCT) images to improve the clinical workflow, where NCCT is typically acquired as a first-line imaging tool to identify the type of the stroke. The system consists of a candidate detection model and a subsequent classification model. The detection model generates a volumetric heatmap from the NCCT and extracts multiple potential clot candidates, sorted by their likeliness in descending order. The classification model performs reprioritization of these candidates using graph-based deep learning methods, where the candidates are no longer considered independently, but in a global context. It was optimized to classify the candidates as clot or no clot. The candidate detection model, which also serves as the main baseline, yields a ROC AUC of 79.8%, which is improved to 85.2% by the proposed graph-based classification model.

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Correspondence to Antonia Popp .

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© 2022 Der/die Autor(en), exklusiv lizenziert an Springer Fachmedien Wiesbaden GmbH, ein Teil von Springer Nature

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Popp, A., Taubmann, O., Thamm, F., Ditt, H., Maier, A., Breininger, K. (2022). Thrombus Detection in Non-contrast Head CT Using Graph Deep Learning. In: Maier-Hein, K., Deserno, T.M., Handels, H., Maier, A., Palm, C., Tolxdorff, T. (eds) Bildverarbeitung für die Medizin 2022. Informatik aktuell. Springer Vieweg, Wiesbaden. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-658-36932-3_33

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