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Rules and Regulations

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Ship Operation Technology
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The construction and operation of ships, boats and other watercraft are subject to extensive standards, laws and other regulations. The following explanations will try to shed some light on the jungle of regulations and to show their basic systematics. An overview of the most important regulations to be applied in the construction of German ships has been drawn up by the Employer’s Liability Insurance Association for Transport and Traffic (“Berufsgenossenschaft für Transport und Verkehrswesen”; see Annex 1).

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  1. 1.


  2. 2.

    Merger of the classification societies Det Norske Veritas (DNV) and Germanischer Lloyd (GL).

  3. 3.

    See below:!/industry/1/Maritime/1/DNV%20GL%20rules%20for%20classification:%20Ships%20(RU-SHIP).

  4. 4.

    Technical standards are issued by the German Institute for Standardization (“Deutsches Institut für Normung,” DIN), the Association of German Engineers (“Verein Deutscher Ingenieure,” VDI) and the Association of Electrical Engineering Electronics Information Technology (“Verband der Elektrotechnik Elektronik Informationstechnik e. V.,” VDE).

  5. 5.

    Erles, N.-G., in: [2, p. 1037  ff.].

  6. 6.

    Supplementary see also:

  7. 7.

    “International Maritime Organization.”.

  8. 8.

    For CPR see:

  9. 9.

  10. 10.

    The unit sm = Seemeile; 1 sm = 1852 m.

  11. 11.

    See the annexes to the Ship Safety Act.


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  2. Bernhardt, F., Meier-Peter, H. (eds.): Handbuch Schiffsbetriebstechnik. Seehafen Verlag, Hamburg (2008)

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  3. Verband für Schiffbau und Meerestechnik e. V.: Schiffstechnik und Schiffbautechnologie. Seehafen Verlag, Hamburg (2006)

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Pfaff, M. (2022). Rules and Regulations. In: Ship Operation Technology. Springer, Wiesbaden.

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  • Print ISBN: 978-3-658-32728-6

  • Online ISBN: 978-3-658-32729-3

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