Domestic prerequisites for democratization
This chapter analyses the impact of domestic factors on regime outcomes and the quality of democracy in the states under study over time. Four groups of domestic factors are investigated: structural characteristics, such as the religious and ethnic composition of population; the identity of political elites; mass mobilization; and the degree of statehood. Empirical results indicate that two – elite identities and mass mobilization – are the most relevant and serve as necessary conditions for democratic regime outcomes and higher quality of democracy, regardless of the impact of external actors. The third factor – the degree of statehood – has not been able to account for the discrepancy in the dependent variable. It still plays an important role, however, as it greatly affects the strategies of external actors.
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