Advertisement

Menschliche Sicherheit – Versicherheitlichung und Interventionsbegründung oder ein Beitrag zum gerechten Frieden?

  • Gerd OberleitnerEmail author
Chapter
  • 262 Downloads
Part of the Gerechter Frieden book series (GEFR)

Zusammenfassung

Das Konzept menschlicher Sicherheit (human security) hat, seit seiner Begründung im Human Development Report des UNDP (United Nations Development Programme) von 1994, eine globale politische Wirksamkeit entfalten können. Die Idee menschlicher Sicherheit hat den Anstoß gegeben, Sicherheit vertikal wie horizontal neu zu denken: als Verschiebung des Fokus vom Staat auf das Individuum, als Erweiterung des Themenspektrums sicherheitsrelevanter Risiken und Bedrohungen, als Rechtsanspruch Einzelner und als gemeinschaftlicher Wert. Zugleich war das Konzept aber immer auch mit Kritik hinsichtlich seiner analytischen Nützlichkeit konfrontiert.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Literatur

  1. Anderson-Rogers, David und Kerry Crawford. 2018. Human Security. Theory and Practice. Lanham: Rowman & Littlefield.Google Scholar
  2. Axworthy, Lyoyd. 2001. Human Security and Global Governance: Putting People First. Global Governance 7 (1): 19–23.Google Scholar
  3. Benedek, Wolfgang. 2010. Mainstreaming Human Security in United Nations and European Union Peace and Crisis Management Operations – Policies and Practice. In Mainstreaming Human Security in Peace Operations and Crisis Management – Policies, Problems, Potentials, hrsg. von Wolfgang Benedek, Matthias Kettemann und Markus Möstl, 13–31. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
  4. Buzan, Barry. 1991. People, States and Fear. Boulder, CO: Lynne Rienner.Google Scholar
  5. Buzan, Barry. 2004. A Reductionist, Idealistic Notion that Adds Little Analytical Value. Security Dialogue 35 (3): 269–370.Google Scholar
  6. Buzan, Barry, Jaap de Wilde und Ole Wæver. 1998. Security: A New Framework for Analysis. Boudler, CO: Lynne Rienner.Google Scholar
  7. Chandler, David. 2012. Resilience and Human Security: The Post-Interventionist Paradigm. Security Dialogue 43 (3): 213–229.Google Scholar
  8. Chinkin, Christine and Mary Kaldor. 2017. International Law and New Wars. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  9. Commission on Human Security. 2003. Human Security Now. New York: Commission on Human Security.Google Scholar
  10. De Larrinaga, Miguel and Marc Doucet. 2008. Human Security and the Securing of Human Life: Tracing Global Sovereign and Biopolitical Rule. Security Dialogue 39 (5): 517–537.Google Scholar
  11. Department of Homeland Security. About DHS. https://www.dhs.gov/about-dhs. Zugegriffen: 6. Dezember 2018.
  12. Floyd, Rita. 2007. Human Security and the Copenhagen School’s Securitization Approach: Conceptualizing Human Security as a Securitizing Move. Human Security Journal 5: 38–49.Google Scholar
  13. International Commission on Intervention and State Sovereignty (ICISS). 2001. The Responsibility to Protect. Report of the International Commission on Intervention and State Sovereignty. Ottawa: International Development Research Centre.Google Scholar
  14. Kaldor, Mary. 2007. Human Security. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  15. Khong, Yuen Foong. 2001. Human Security: A Shotgun Approach to Alleviating Human Misery? Global Governance 7 (3): 231–236.Google Scholar
  16. Martin, Mary and Taylor Owen. 2010. The Second Generation of Human Security: Lessons from the UN and EU Experience. International Affairs 86 (1): 211–224.Google Scholar
  17. Newman, Edward. 2014. The United Nations and Human Security: Between Solidarism and Pluralism. In Routledge Handbook on Human Security, hrsg. von Mary Martin und Taylor Owen, 225–238. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
  18. Oberleitner, Gerd. 2014. Human Security: Idea, Policy and Law. In Routledge Handbook of Human Security, hrsg. von Mary Martin und Taylor Owen, 319–330. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
  19. Ogata, Sadako und Johan Cels. 2003. Human Security – Protecting and Empowering the People. Global Governance 9 (3): 273–282.Google Scholar
  20. Paris, Roland. 2001. Human Security: Paradigm Shift or Hot Air? International Security 26 (2): 87–102.Google Scholar
  21. Ramcharan, Bertrand. 2004. Human Rights and Human Security. Disarmament Forum (1): 39–47.Google Scholar
  22. Rosenberg, Sheri P. 2009 Responsibility to Protect: A Framework for Prevention. Global Responsibility to Protect 1 (4): 442–477.Google Scholar
  23. Tadjbakhsh, Shahrbanou. 2014. Defense of the Broad View of Human Security. In Routledge Handbook on Human Security, hrsg. von Mary Martin und Taylor Owen, 43–57. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
  24. United Nations Development Programme (UNDP). 1994. Human Development Report 1994 – New Dimensions of Human Security. http://hdr.undp.org/en/reports/global/1994/en. Zugegriffen: 6. Dezember 2018.
  25. United Nations Human Security Unit. 2014. Strategic Plan 2014–2017. New York: United Nations.Google Scholar
  26. Wæver, Ole. 1995. Securitization and Desecuritization. In On Security, hrsg. von Ronnie Lipschutz, 46–79. New York: Columbia University Press.Google Scholar
  27. Watson, Scott. 2011. The „Human“ as Referent Object? Humanitarianism as Securitization. Security Dialogue 41 (1): 3–20.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Fachmedien Wiesbaden GmbH, ein Teil von Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institut für Völkerrecht und Internationale BeziehungenUniversität GrazGrazÖsterreich

Personalised recommendations