Claims for Local Justice in Natural Resource Conflicts: Lessons from Peru’s Mining Sector

  • Melanie Coni-ZimmerEmail author
  • Annegret Flohr
  • Andreas Jacobs
Part of the Studien des Leibniz-Instituts Hessische Stiftung Friedens- und Konfliktforschung book series (SLIHSFK)


Justice concerns figure prominently in local conflicts about the use of natural resources which pit local communities against corporations or state actors. Even where the addressees of local justice claims respond to those claims they may fail to satisfy them because they misperceive their nature. The chapter uses Nancy Fraser’s distinction of three dimensions of justice – procedural, distributive and recognition justice – to explore this argument with respect to a local mining conflict in Peru. It focuses on local protests against a mining company in the Moqeugua region. Local communities demanded compensation for the past environmental and health impact of mining activities. Addressees of these demands ignored the recognition-based aspects of these demands, i.e. the implication that compensation was offered to the victims of past harm. Instead of compensation, addressees offered social contributions in return for the willingness of the community to let the company continue with its operations, framing the conflict purely as a distributive conflict. Consequently, these attempts to resolve the conflict failed.


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Copyright information

© Springer Fachmedien Wiesbaden GmbH, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Melanie Coni-Zimmer
    • 1
    Email author
  • Annegret Flohr
    • 2
  • Andreas Jacobs
    • 3
  1. 1.Peace Research Institute Frankfurt (PRIF/HSFK)Frankfurt am MainGermany
  2. 2.TMG Research gGmbH—Think Tank for SustainabilityBerlinGermany
  3. 3.Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (Bundesministerium für wirtschaftliche Zusammenarbeit und Entwicklung, BMZ)BonnGermany

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