Skip to main content

Die Effekte von politischem Interesse und Wissen auf das Wahlverhalten euroskeptischer Bürger bei Europawahlen

  • Chapter
  • First Online:
Politisches Wissen

Part of the book series: Politisches Wissen ((POWI))

Zusammenfassung

Die niedrige Wahlbeteiligung und der hohe Stimmenanteil für euroskeptische Parteien bei der Europawahl 2014 gelten als Zeichen einer zunehmend euroskeptischen Öffentlichkeit. Doch was bewegt manche kritische Bürger zur Wahl euroskeptischer Parteien, während andere der Europawahl gleich ganz fernbleiben? Im vorliegenden Beitrag wird die Rolle von politischem Interesse und politischem Wissen für das Wahlverhalten euroskeptischer Bürger bei Europawahlen untersucht. Die empirische Analyse auf Basis von Nachwahlumfragen (EES 2014) zeigt, dass sowohl Interesse als auch Wissen die Einflüsse von Einstellungen zur EU auf die Partizipations- und die Wahlentscheidung konditionieren. Während politisches Interesse vor allem für die Mobilisierung euroskeptischer Bürger von entscheidender Bedeutung ist (Wahlteilnahme), vereinfacht politisches Wissen die Identifizierung einer nahestehenden, euroskeptischen Partei (Wahlentscheidung).

This is a preview of subscription content, log in via an institution to check access.

Access this chapter

Chapter
USD 29.95
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • Available as PDF
  • Read on any device
  • Instant download
  • Own it forever
eBook
USD 34.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • Available as PDF
  • Read on any device
  • Instant download
  • Own it forever
Softcover Book
USD 44.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • Compact, lightweight edition
  • Dispatched in 3 to 5 business days
  • Free shipping worldwide - see info

Tax calculation will be finalised at checkout

Purchases are for personal use only

Institutional subscriptions

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Similar content being viewed by others

Literatur

  • Bartels, Larry M. 1996. Uninformed votes: Information effects in presidential elections. American Journal of Political Science 40(1): 194–230.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Bhatti, Yosef. 2010. What would happen if we were better informed? Simulating increased knowledge in European Parliament (EP) elections. Representation 46(4): 391–410.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Blondel, Jean, Richard Sinnott und Palle Svensson. 1998. People and Parliament in the European Union: Participation, Democracy, and Legitimacy. Oxford University Press.

    Google Scholar 

  • Boomgaarden, Hajo G., Andreas R.T. Schuck, Matthijs Elenbaas und Claes H. de Vreese. 2011. Mapping EU attitudes: Conceptual and empirical dimensions of Euroscepticism and EU support. European Union Politics 12(2): 241–266.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Brack, Nathalie, und Nicholas Startin. 2015. Introduction: Euroscepticism, from the margins to the mainstream. International Political Science Review 36(3): 239–249.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Brambor, Thomas, William Roberts Clark und Matt Golder. 2006. Understanding interaction models: Improving empirical analyses. Political Analysis 14(1): 63–82.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Clark, Nick. 2014. Explaining Low Turnout in European Elections: The Role of Issue Salience and Institutional Perceptions in Elections to the European Parliament. Journal of European Integration 36(4): 339–356.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Clark, Nick, und Robert Rohrschneider. 2009. Second-order elections versus first-order thinking: How voters perceive the representation process in a multi-layered system of governance. European Integration 31(5): 645–664.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Delli Carpini, Michael X., und Scott Keeter. 1996. What Americans know about politics and why it matters. Yale University Press.

    Google Scholar 

  • de Vries, Catherine E. 2007. Sleeping giant: Fact or fairytale? How European integration affects national elections. European Union Politics 8(3): 363–385.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • de Vries, Catherine E. 2018. Euroscepticism and the Future of European Integration. Oxford University Press.

    Google Scholar 

  • de Vries, Catherine E., Wouter van der Brug, Marcel H. van Egmond und Cees van der Eijk. 2011. Individual and Contextual Variation in EU Issue Voting: The Role of Political Information. Electoral Studies 30(1): 16–28.

    Google Scholar 

  • Downs, Anthony. 1957. An Economic Theory of Democracy. Harper & Brothers.

    Google Scholar 

  • Easton, David. 1965. A Framework for Political Analysis. Prentice-Hall.

    Google Scholar 

  • Easton, David. 1975. A Re-Assessment of the Concept of Political Support. British Journal of Political Science 5(4): 435–457.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Flickinger, Richard S., und Donley T. Studlar. 2007. One Europe, Many Electorates? Models of Turnout in European Parliament Elections after 2004. Comparative Political Studies 40(4): 383–404.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Galston, William A. 2001. Political knowledge, political engagement, and civic education. Annual Review of Political Science 4(1): 217–234.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Gattermann, Katjana, Claes H. de Vreese und Wouter van der Brug. 2016. Evaluations of the Spitzenkandidaten: The Role of Information and News Exposure in Citizens’ Preference Formation. Politics and Governance 4(1): 37–54.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Gomez, Brad T., und J. Matthew Wilson. 2001. Political sophistication and economic voting in the American electorate: A theory of heterogeneous attribution. American Journal of Political Science 45(4): 899–914.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Hanmer, Michael J., und Kerem Ozan Kalkan. 2013. Behind the curve: Clarifying the best approach to calculating predicted probabilities and marginal effects from limited dependent variable models. American Journal of Political Science 57(1): 263–277.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Hernández, Enrique, und Hanspeter Kriesi. 2016. Turning your back on the EU. The role of Eurosceptic parties in the 2014 European Parliament elections. Electoral Studies 44: 515–524.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Hix, Simon, und Michael Marsh. 2011. Second-order effects plus pan-European political swings: An analysis of European Parliament elections across time.” Electoral Studies 30(1): 4–15.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Hobolt, Sara B. 2005. When Europe matters: The impact of political information on voting behaviour in EU referendums. Journal of Elections, Public Opinion & Parties 15(1): 85–109.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Hobolt, Sara B. 2007. Taking Cues on Europe? Voter competence and party endorsements in referendums on European integration. European Journal of Political Research 46: 151–182.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Hobolt, Sara B. 2015. The 2014 European Parliament Elections: Divided in Unity? Journal of Common Market Studies 53 (Annual Review): 6–21.

    Google Scholar 

  • Hobolt, Sara B., und Jae-Jae Spoon. 2012. Motivating the European voter: Parties, issues and campaigns in European Parliament elections. European Journal of Political Research 51(6): 701–727.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Hobolt, Sara B., und Catherine E. de Vries. 2016. Turning against the union? The impact of the crisis on the Eurosceptic vote in the 2014 European Parliament elections. Electoral Studies 44: 504–514.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Hobolt, Sara B., und James Tilley. 2016. Fleeing the centre: the rise of challenger parties in the aftermath of the euro crisis. West European Politics, 39(5): 971–991.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Hogh, Esben, und Martin V. Larsen. 2016. Can Information Increase Turnout in European Parliament Elections? Evidence from a Quasi-experiment in Denmark. Journal of Common Market Studies 54(6): 1495–1508.

    Google Scholar 

  • Hutter, Swen, Edgar Grande und Hanspeter Kriesi. 2016. Politicising Europe. Integration and Mass Politics. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

    Google Scholar 

  • Kölln, Ann-Kristin. 2018. Political sophistication affects how citizens’ social policy preferences respond to the economy. West European Politics 41(1): 1–22.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Kriesi, Hanspeter, und Edgar Grande. 2015. The Europeanization of the National Political Debate. In Democratic Politics in a European Union under Stress. Hrsg. Olaf Cramme und Sara B. Hobolt, 67–86. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

    Chapter  Google Scholar 

  • Kuklinski, James H., Paul J. Quirk, Jennifer Jerit, David Schwieder und Robert F. Rich. 2000. Misinformation and the Currency of Democratic Citizenship. The Journal of Politics 62(3): 790–816.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Larcinese, Valentino. 2007. Does political knowledge increase turnout? Evidence from the 1997 British general election. Public Choice 131(3–4): 387–411.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Lassen, David Dreyer. 2005. The effect of information on voter turnout: Evidence from a natural experiment. American Journal of Political Science 49(1): 103–118.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Lewis-Beck, Michael S., Richard Nadeau und Angelo Elias. 2008. Economics, party, and the vote: Causality issues and panel data. American Journal of Political Science 52(1): 84–95.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Neuman, W. Russel. 1986. The paradox of mass politics: Knowledge and opinion in the American electorate. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.

    Google Scholar 

  • Niedermayer, Oskar, und Bettina Westle. 1991. Die Europäische Gemeinschaft im Urteil ihrer Bürger – ein sozialwissenschaftlicher Ansatz zur Strukturierung von Bevölkerungsorientierungen. Integration 4(7–8): 177–186.

    Google Scholar 

  • Niedermayer, Oskar, und Bettina Westle. 1995. A Typology of Orientations. In Public Opinion and Internationalized Governance, Hrsg. Oskar Niedermayer und Richard Sinnot, 33–50. New York/Oxford: Oxford University Press.

    Chapter  Google Scholar 

  • Norris, Pippa. 1997. Representation and the democratic deficit. European Journal of Political Research 32(2): 273–282.

    Google Scholar 

  • Pannico, Roberto. 2017. Is the European Union too complicated? Citizens’ lack of information and party cue effectiveness. European Union Politics 18(3): 424–446.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Popa, Sebastian A. 2015. Political sophistication in Central and Eastern Europe. How can parties help? Party Politics 21(3): 440–455.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Rapeli, Lauri. 2016. Does Sophistication Affect Electoral Outcomes? Government and Opposition 53 (2): 181–204.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Reif, Karlheinz 1984. National electoral cycles and European elections 1979 and 1984. Electoral Studies 3(3): 244–255.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Reif, Karlheinz, und Hermann Schmitt. 1980. Nine Second Order National Elections: A Conceptual Framework for the Analysis of European Election Results. European Journal of Political Research 8(1): 3–44.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Rose, Richard. 2004. Europe expands, turnout falls: The significance of the 2004 European Parliament election. Stockholm: International Institute for Democracy and Electoral Assistance.

    Google Scholar 

  • Schäfer, Constantin. 2017. Euroskeptizismus und Wahlenthaltung. Zeitschrift für Vergleichende Politikwissenschaft 11(1): 50–80

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Schäfer, Constantin, und Marc Debus. 2018. No participation without representation. Policy distances and abstention in European Parliament elections. Journal of European Public Policy 25(12): 1835–1854.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Schoen, Harald. 2005. Ist Wissen auch an der Wahlurne Macht? Politische Kompetenz und Wahlverhalten. In Persönlichkeit. Eine vergessene Größe der empirischen Sozialforschung, Hrsg. Siegfried Schumann, 137–155. Wiesbaden: VS Verlag für Sozialwissenschaften.

    Chapter  Google Scholar 

  • Schmitt, Hermann, Sara B. Hobolt und Sebastian A. Popa. 2015. Does personalization increase turnout? Spitzenkandidaten in the 2014 European Parliament elections. European Union Politics 16(3): 347–368.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Schmitt, Hermann, Sara B Hobolt, Sebastian A. Popa, Eftichia Teperoglou und European Parliament, Directorate-General for Communication, Public Monitoring Unit. 2016. European Parliament Election Study 2014, Voter Study, First Post-Election Survey. GESIS Data Archive, Cologne. ZA5160 Data file Version 4.0.0, https://doi.org/10.4232/1.12628.

  • Schmitt, Hermann, und Ilke Toygür. 2016. European Parliament Elections of May 2014: Driven by National Politics or EU Policy Making? Politics and Governance 4(1): 167–181.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Schmitt-Beck, Rüdiger. 2000. Politische Kommunikation und Wählerverhalten: Ein internationaler Vergleich. Wiesbaden: Westdeutscher Verlag.

    Chapter  Google Scholar 

  • Schulze, Heidi. 2016. The Spitzenkandidaten in the European Parliament Election Campaign Coverage 2014 in Germany, France, and the United Kingdom. Politics and Governance 4(1): 23–36.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Smets, Kaat, und Carolien van Ham. 2013. The embarrassment of riches? A meta-analysis of individual-level research on voter turnout. Electoral Studies 32(2): 344–359.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Stegmueller, Daniel. 2013. How many countries for multilevel modeling? A comparison of frequentist and Bayesian approaches. American Journal of Political Science 57(3): 748–761.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Steinbrecher, Markus. 2014. Europaspezifische Einstellungen und Wahlbeteiligung bei Europawahlen 1979–2009. Zeitschrift für Vergleichende Politische Wissenschaft 8(2), Supplement: 211–237.

    Google Scholar 

  • Stockemer, Daniel. 2012. Citizens’ support for the European Union and participation in European Parliament elections. European Union Politics 13(1): 26–46.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Taggart, Paul, und Aleks Szczerbiak. 2002. The party politics of Euroscepticism in EU member and candidate states. Brighton: Sussex European Institute.

    Google Scholar 

  • Taggart, Paul, und Aleks Szczerbiak. 2004. Contemporary Euroscepticism in the party systems of the European Union candidate states of Central and Eastern Europe. European Journal of Political Research 43(1): 1–27.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Thurner, Paul W. 2009. Die simultane Erklärung von Wahlbeteiligung und –entscheidung. In Parteienwettbewerb, Wählerverhalten und Koalitionsbildung. Festschrift zum 70. Geburtstag von Franz Urban Pappi, Hrsg. Christian H.C.A. Henning, Eric Linhart und Susumu Shikano, 47–55. Baden-Baden: Nomos.

    Google Scholar 

  • Thurner, Paul W., und Angelika Eymann. 2000. Policy-specific alienation and indifference in the calculus of voting: A simultaneous model of party choice and abstention. Public Choice 102(1–2): 49–75.

    Google Scholar 

  • Tóka, Gabor. 2007. Information effects on vote choices in European elections. In European elections after Eastern enlargement: Preliminary results from the European election study 2004, Hrsg. Michael Marsh, Slava Mikhaylov und Hermann Schmitt, 141–179. CONNEX Report Series No 01.

    Google Scholar 

  • van Deth, Jan W. 1990. Interest in politics. In Continuities in political action: A longitudinal study of political orientations in three western democracies, Hrsg. M. Kent Jennings und Jan W. van Deth, 275–312. Berlin/New York: Walter de Gruyter.

    Google Scholar 

  • van Deth, Jan W. 2013. Politisches Interesse. In Politik im Kontext: Ist alle Politik lokale Politik? Individuelle und kontextuelle Determinanten politischer Orientierungen, Hrsg. Jan W. van Deth und Markus Tausendpfund, 271–296. Wiesbaden: Springer VS.

    Google Scholar 

  • van Spanje, Joost, und Claes H. de Vreese. 2011. So what’s wrong with the EU? Motivations underlying the Eurosceptic vote in the 2009 European elections. European Union Politics 12(3): 405–429.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Weßels, Bernhard. 2007. Discontent and European Identity: Three Types of Euroscepticism. Acta Politica 42(2): 287–306.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Weßels, Bernhard. 2009. Spielarten des Euroskeptizismus. Die Verfassung Europas. Perspektiven des Integrationsprojekts, Hrsg. Frank Decker und Marcus Höreth, 50–68. Wiesbaden: VS Verlag.

    Google Scholar 

  • Westle, Bettina, und David Johann. 2010. Das Wissen der Europäer/innen über die Europäische Union. In Information–Wahrnehmung–Emotion, Hrsg. Thorsten Faas, Kai Arzheimer und Sigrid Roßteutscher, 353–374. Wiesbaden: VS Verlag.

    Google Scholar 

  • Zaller, John. 1992. The Nature and Origins of Mass Opinion. Cambridge University Press.

    Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Constantin Schäfer .

Editor information

Editors and Affiliations

Rights and permissions

Reprints and permissions

Copyright information

© 2019 Springer Fachmedien Wiesbaden GmbH, ein Teil von Springer Nature

About this chapter

Check for updates. Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this chapter

Schäfer, C. (2019). Die Effekte von politischem Interesse und Wissen auf das Wahlverhalten euroskeptischer Bürger bei Europawahlen. In: Westle, B., Tausendpfund, M. (eds) Politisches Wissen. Politisches Wissen. Springer VS, Wiesbaden. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-658-23787-5_9

Download citation

  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-658-23787-5_9

  • Published:

  • Publisher Name: Springer VS, Wiesbaden

  • Print ISBN: 978-3-658-23786-8

  • Online ISBN: 978-3-658-23787-5

  • eBook Packages: Social Science and Law (German Language)

Publish with us

Policies and ethics