Most people would agree that “continuing responsiveness of the government to the preferences of its citizens” (Dahl, 1971, 1) is not only desirable, but indispensable in democracies. For a government to be responsive, citizens must first form their preferences. Second, they need to signal their preferences to the government and other citizens (Dahl, 1971). Citizens usually (and most importantly) identify their preferences during democratic elections.
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