Doping im Sport

Moralische und motivationale Aspekte des Betrugs
  • André KörnerEmail author
  • Udo Rudolph
  • Stefan Uhlig
  • Andreas David
Part of the Angewandte Forschung im Sport book series (AFIS)


In diesem Kapitel legen wir eine Bestandsaufnahme zum Thema Doping aus psychologischer Perspektive vor. Doping als multi-dimensionales Phänomen geht über reine Typenanalysen hinaus und ist mehr als das individuelle Fehlverhalten des einzelnen (Leistungs-)Sportlers. Doping bahnt sich langfristig an und zeigt sich im sozialen Kontext. Wir gehen zunächst auf verschiedene Definitionen von Doping und damit verbundene Schwierigkeiten ein. Anschließend zeigen wir Zusammenhänge und Unterschiede zwischen Doping und delinquentem Verhalten. Wir skizzieren außerdem Modelle, die das Phänomen aus verschiedenen Perspektiven betrachten. Abschließend diskutieren wir weitere Forschungsansätze. Im Zentrum stehen motivationale Variablen, die eng mit der Setzung von Anspruchsniveaus verbunden sind. Wir betonen dabei die Bedeutung von persönlichen Gefühlen und Zielen im Kontext des Dopings.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Albrecht, H.-J. (2010): Kriminologie, 4. Auflage, München.Google Scholar
  2. Anshel, M. H.; Russell, K. G. (1997): Examining athletes’ attitudes toward using anabolic steroids and their knowledge of the possible effects, in: Journal of Drug Education, Vol. 27, No. 2, pp. 121–145.Google Scholar
  3. Backhouse, S. H.; Kenna, J.; Robinson, S.; Atkin, A. (2007):. Attitudes, behaviours, knowledge and education – drugs in sport: Past, present and future, in: Carnegie Research Institute Leeds Metropolitan - WADA.Google Scholar
  4. Backhouse, S. H.; Whitaker, L.; Petróczi, A. (2013): Gateway to doping? Supplement use in the context of preferred competitive situations, doping attitude, beliefs and norms, in: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports, Vol. 23, No. 2, pp. 244–252.Google Scholar
  5. Bandura, A. (1977): Social learning theory, Englewood Cliffs, New York.Google Scholar
  6. Bandura, A. (1986): Social foundations of thought and action: A social cognitive theory, Englewood Cliffs, New York.Google Scholar
  7. Bandura, A. (1997): Self-efficacy: The exercise of control, New York.Google Scholar
  8. Bandura, A. (1999): Social cognitive theory of personality, in: Pervin, L.; John, O. (Eds.): Handbook of personality: Theory and research, New York, pp. 154–196.Google Scholar
  9. Bloodworth, A.; McNamee, M. (2010): Clean Olympians? Doping and anti-doping: The views of talented young British athletes, in: International Journal of Drug Policy, Vol. 21, No. 4, pp. 276–282.Google Scholar
  10. Eisenberg, U. (2005): Kriminologie, 6. Auflage, München.Google Scholar
  11. Erickson, K.; McKenna, J.; Backhouse, S. H. (2015): A qualitative analysis of the factors that protect athletes against doping in sport, in: Psychology of Sport and Exercise, Vol. 16, No. P2, pp. 149–155.Google Scholar
  12. Farrington, D. P. (2003): Key results from the first forty years of the Cambridge study in delinquent development, in: Thornberry, T.P.; Krohn, M.D. (Eds.): Taking stock of delinquency: An overview of findings from contemporary longitudinal studies, pp. 137–183.Google Scholar
  13. Fincoeur, B.; van de Ven, K.; Mulrooney, K. J. D. (2015): The symbiotic evolution of anti-doping and supply chains of doping substances: How criminal networks may benefit from anti-doping policy, in: Trends in Organized Crime, Vol. 18, No. 3, pp. 229–250.Google Scholar
  14. Gollwitzer, M.; Schmitt, M. (2009): Sozialpsychologie kompakt, Weinheim.Google Scholar
  15. Hauw, D.; McNamee, M. (2015): A critical analysis of three psychological research programs of doping behaviour, in: Psychology of Sport and Exercise, Vol. 16, No. P2, pp. 140–148.Google Scholar
  16. Hoppe, F. (1930): Untersuchungen zur Handlungs- und Affektpsychologie. IX. Erfolg und Misserfolg. Studies on the psychology of action and emotion. IX. Success and failure, in: Psychologische Forschung, Vol. 14, S. 1–63.Google Scholar
  17. Hunt, T. M.; Dimeo, P.; Jedlicka, S. R. (2012): The historical roots of today’s problems: A critical appraisal of the international anti-doping movement, in: Performance Enhancement and Health, Vol. 1, No. 2, pp. 55–60.Google Scholar
  18. Johnson, M. B. (2011): A systemic model of doping behavior, in: The American Journal of Psychology, Vol. 124, No. 2, p. 151.Google Scholar
  19. Johnson, M. B. (2012): A systemic social-cognitive perspective on doping, in: Psychology of Sport and Exercise, Vol. 13, No. 3, pp. 317–323.Google Scholar
  20. Kayser, B.; Mauron, A.; Miah, A. (2007): Current anti-doping policy: A critical appraisal, in: BMC Medical Ethics, Vol. 8, No. 1, p. 2.Google Scholar
  21. Knaack, B. (2017): Dopingmittel in Lippencreme - Skilangläuferin Johaug für 13 Monate gesperrt, in: Spiegel Online, (Zugriff am 10.02.2017).
  22. Konrad, N.; Rasch, W. (2014): Forensische Psychiatrie, 4. Auflage, Stuttgart.Google Scholar
  23. Körner, H. H. (1982): Betäubungsmittelgesetz: Deutsches und internationales Betäubungsmittelrecht, München.Google Scholar
  24. Laure, P. (2003): General practitioners and doping in sport: Attitudes and experience, in: British Journal of Sports Medicine, Vol. 37, No. 4, pp. 335–338.Google Scholar
  25. Lewin, K. (1935): A dynamic theory of personality, New York.Google Scholar
  26. Mazanov, J.; Backhouse, S. H.; Connor, J.; Hemphill, D.; Quirk, F. (2014): Athlete support personnel and anti-doping: Knowledge, attitudes and ethical stance, in: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports, Vol. 24, No. 5, pp. 846–856.Google Scholar
  27. Meier, B.-D. (2016): Kriminologie, 5. Auflage, München.Google Scholar
  28. Ntoumanis, N.; Ng, J. Y. Y.; Barkoukis, V.; Backhouse, S. (2014): Personal and psychosocial predictors of doping use in physical activity settings: A meta-analysis, in: Sports Medicine, Vol. 44, No. 11, pp. 1603–1624.Google Scholar
  29. Petróczi, A. (2007): Attitudes and doping: A structural equation analysis of the relationship between athletes’ attitudes, sport orientation and doping behaviour, in: Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy, Vol. 2, No. 1, pp. 34–48.Google Scholar
  30. Petróczi, A.; Aidman, E. (2008): Psychological drivers in doping: The life-cycle model of performance enhancement, in: Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy, Vol. 3, No. 1, p. 7.Google Scholar
  31. Petróczi, A.; Mazanov, J.; Naughton, D. P. (2011): Inside athletes’ minds: Preliminary results from a pilot study on mental representation of doping and potential implications for anti-doping, in: Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy, Vol. 6, No. 1, p. 10.Google Scholar
  32. Rudolph, U. (2013): Motivationspsychologie kompakt, Weinheim.Google Scholar
  33. Rudolph, U.; Roesch, S.; Greitemeyer, T.; Weiner, B. (2004): A meta-analytic review of help-giving and aggression from an attributional perspective: Contributions to a general theory of motivation, in: Cognition & Emotion, Vol. 18, No. 6, pp. 815–848.Google Scholar
  34. Scott, E. S.; Reppucci, N. D.; Woolard, J. L. (1995): Evaluating adolescent decision making in legal contexts, in: Law and Human Behavior, Vol. 19, No. 3, pp. 221–244.Google Scholar
  35. Simon, P.; Striegel, H.; Aust, F.; Dietz, K.; Ulrich, R. (2006): Doping in fitness sports: Estimated number of unreported cases and individual probability of doping, in: Addiction, Vol. 101, No. 11, pp. 1640–1644.Google Scholar
  36. WADA Foundation Board (2015): World Anti-Doping Code, Montreal.Google Scholar
  37. Wallace, D. S.; Paulson, R. M.; Lord, C. G.; Bond, C. F. (2005): Which behaviors do attitudes predict? Meta-analyzing the effects of social pressure and perceived difficulty, in: Review of General Psychology, Vol. 9, No. 3, pp. 214–227.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Fachmedien Wiesbaden GmbH 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • André Körner
    • 1
    Email author
  • Udo Rudolph
    • 1
  • Stefan Uhlig
    • 1
  • Andreas David
    • 1
  1. 1.ChemnitzDeutschland

Personalised recommendations