Advertisement

The Impact of the European Debt Crisis on Trust in the Media

Chapter
  • 1.1k Downloads

Abstract

A comparative analysis of Eurobarometer ratings of trust in the media in European states, particularly Greece and Spain, between 2001 and 2016 shows that trust in the press, radio and television is closely linked with trust in the democratic institutions of the government and political parties in the respective countries. The present analysis furthermore investigates whether trust in the abovementioned media also depends on the development of the gross domestic product (GDP) in the states in question. However, evidence of such a link is only present in some countries, namely in those European states most strongly affected by the sovereign debt crisis, especially Greece and Spain. Here, the connection between the GDP development and the trust in press, radio and television is very strong, and particularly so after the onset of the sovereign debt crisis in 2009. In these states, a marked difference in trust in the press, radio and TV before and after the outbreak of the 2009 European debt crisis can be observed. Since the debt crisis, trust in these media has dropped significantly.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Alesina, A., & Wacziarg, R. (2000). The economics of civic trust. In S. Pharr & R. Putnam (eds.), Disaffected democracies: What’s troubling the trilateral countries (pp. 149–170). Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.Google Scholar
  2. EU-Kommission (2016). Public Opinion. Eurobarometer Interactive. Retrieved from http://ec.europa.eu/commfrontoffice/publicopinion/index.cfm/Chart/index
  3. Bentele, G. (1993). Immer weniger öffentliches Vertrauen. Bertelsmann Briefe, 129, 39–43.Google Scholar
  4. Bentele, G. (1994). Öffentliches Vertrauen – normative und soziale Grundlage für Public Relations. In W. Armbrecht & U. Zabel (eds.): Normative Aspekte der Public Relations (pp. 131–158). Opladen: Westdeutscher Verlag.Google Scholar
  5. Berlo, D. K., Lemert, J. B. & Mertz, R. J. (1969). Dimensions for evaluation the acceptibility of message sources. Public Opinion Quarterly, 33, 563–576.Google Scholar
  6. Fast, V., Müller, P., & Scherr, S. (2014). Der kombinierte Einsatz von Daten und Fallbeispielen in den Medien: Wirkung und Glaubwürdigkeit. In W. Loosen & M. Dohle (eds.), Journalismus und (sein) Publikum. Schnittstellen zwischen Journalismusforschung und Rezeptions- und Wirkungsforschung (pp. 317–334). Wiesbaden: Springer VS.Google Scholar
  7. Gaziano, C. & McGrath, K. (1986). Measuring the concepts of credibility. Journalism Quarterly, 63, 451–462.Google Scholar
  8. GfK Gesellschaft für Konsumforschung (2017). Global Trust Report 2017. Retrieved from http://www.gfk-verein.org/forschung/studien/global-trust-report
  9. Grosser, K., Wintterlin, F. & Blöbaum, B. (2016). Trustworthy or Shady – How Does UGC Influence Journalism’s Trustworthiness in a Digitalized World? Paper held at the ECREA Conference, Prague, 11 November 2016.Google Scholar
  10. Hovland, Carl. I. (1954). Communication and persuasion. Psychological studies of opinion change. New Haven: Yale University Press.Google Scholar
  11. Jäckel, M. (1999). Medienwirkungen, Opladen: Westdeutscher Verlag.Google Scholar
  12. Kaina, V. (2004). Vertrauen in Eliten und die politische Unterstützung der Demokratie, Politische Vierteljahresschrift, 45(4), 519–540.Google Scholar
  13. Kohring, M. (2002). Vertrauen in Journalismus. In A. Scholl (ed.), Systemtheorie und Konstruktivismus in der Kommunikationswissenschaft (pp. 91–110). Konstanz: Universitätsverlag.Google Scholar
  14. Krupp, M. & Breunig, C. (eds.) (2016). Massenkommunikation IX. Eine Langzeitstudie zur Mediennutzung und Medienbewertung 1964–2015. Baden-Baden: Nomos.Google Scholar
  15. Luhmann, N. (1991). Soziale Systeme: Grundriß einer allgemeinen Theorie. 4th ed., Frankfurt am Main: Suhrkamp.Google Scholar
  16. Markham, D. (1968). The dimensions of source credibility of television newscasters. Journal of Communication, 18, 57–64.Google Scholar
  17. Meyer, P. (1988). Defining and measuring credibility of newspapers: developing an index. Journalism Quarterly, 65, 567–574.Google Scholar
  18. Mishler, W., & Rose, S. (2001). What are the origins of political trust? Testing institutional and cultural theories in post-communist societies. Comparative Political Studies, 34, 30–62.Google Scholar
  19. Norris, P. (2000). A virtuous circle: Political communications in postindustrial societies. New York, NY: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  20. Roper, B. W. (1985). Public attitudes towards television and other media in time of change. New York: Television Information Office.Google Scholar
  21. Schenk, M. (1987). Medienwirkungsforschung. Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck.Google Scholar
  22. Tsfati, Y. & Ariely, G. (2013). Individual and Contextual Correlates of Trust in Media Across 44 Countries, Communication Research, 20(10), 1–23.Google Scholar
  23. Vogel, I. C., Milde, J., Stengel, K., Staab, S. & Kling, C. (2015). Glaubwürdigkeit von Online- News. Ein kommunikationswissenschaftlicher Überblick. Datenschutz und Datensicherheit, 5/2015, 312–316.Google Scholar
  24. Wolling, J. (2003). Medienqualität, Glaubwürdigkeit und politisches Vertrauen. In W. Donsbach & O. Jandura (eds.), Chancen und Gefahren der Mediendemokratie (pp. 333–349). Konstanz: UVK.Google Scholar
  25. Zmerli, S., Newton, K. & Montero, J. R. (2006). Trust in People, Confidence in Political Institutions, and Satisfaction with Democracy. In J. W. v. Deth, J. R. Montero & A. Westholm (eds.), Citizenship and Involvement among the Populations of European Democracies (pp. 35–65). London: Routledge.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Fachmedien Wiesbaden GmbH 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Economics JournalismUniversity of WürzburgWürzburgGermany

Personalised recommendations