Mentoring to Decrease Absenteeism and Enhance School Engagement

Chapter
Part of the Absentismus und Dropout book series (ABDROP)

Zusammenfassung

Schulabsentismus und Dropout bei Schülerinnen und Schülern sind häufig das Resultat langfristiger Ablösung von der Schule. Der sukzessive Rückzug zeigt sich u. a. in einer geringen (aktiven) Teilhabe an schulischen Aktivitäten, häufigen Schulversäumnissen und einem Leistungsabfall. Infolgedessen argumentieren die Autorinnen in diesem Artikel, dass diese schulischen Probleme bereits beim ersten Auftreten erkannt und thematisiert werden sollten. Es hat sich als erfolgreich herausgestellt, dass eine Steigerung der schulischen Partizipation in enger Wechselwirkung mit einer Reduzierung von Schulabbrüchen steht. Da Eltern häufig Unkenntnis oder mangelnde Ressourcen zur Förderung der schulischen Teilhabe ihres Kindes haben, sollte die schulische Intervention durch pädagogische Unterstützungspersonen in der Schule begleitet werden. Dieses so genannten „Mentoring“ (dt. Betreuung/Patenschaft) hat ihren Ursprung in der Resilienzförderung und basiert auf der Idee, dass ein/e Erwachsene/r als Schutzfaktor zur kindlichen und jugendlichen Entwicklung beitragen kann. Dem gegenüber ermöglicht das durch die Beziehung zum Mentor/zur Mentorin entstehende soziale Kapital Bewältigungskompetenzen bei dem Kind/Jugendlichen. Im vorliegen Kapitel werden verschiedene „mentoring programs“ und ihr Nutzen zur Ableitung von Präventions- und Interventionsmaßnahmen vorgestellt.

Schlüsselwörter

Mentoring emotional and behavioral disorders check & connect 

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Copyright information

© Springer Fachmedien Wiesbaden GmbH 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.BethlehemUSA
  2. 2.wissenschaftliche MitarbeiterinBethlehemUSA

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