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Agentenbasierte Simulation in der Politikwissenschaft

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Zusammenfassung

Dieses Kapitel vermittelt einen Einblick in Methoden und politikwissenschaftliche Anwendungsfelder agentenbasierter Simulation. Hierfür wird zunächst die Methode der Simulation charakterisiert. Anschließend werden Grundprinzipien agentenbasierter Simulation und die besonderen Stärken dieser Forschungsmethode erläutert. Agentenbasierte Simulation ist insbesondere geeignet, um die Mikro-Makro Schnittstelle, sowie die Auswirkungen der Interaktionen sozial eingebundener Akteure zu untersuchen. Im Vergleich zu anderen Methoden lassen sich Heterogenität und begrenzte Rationalität von Akteuren mit dieser Methode abbilden. In einem nächsten Abschnitt wird ein Überblick über den Forschungsstand agentenbasierter Simulation in der Politikwissenschaft vermittelt. Exemplarisch für innenpolitische Anwendungen wird die Modellierung des Parteienwettbewerbs sowie der Dynamik öffentlicher Meinung diskutiert. Aus dem Bereich der internationalen Beziehungen werden Modelle zwischenstaatlicher Machtpolitik sowie der Konfliktforschung dargestellt.

Schlüsselwörter

  • Simulation
  • Agentenbasierte Modellierung
  • Parteienwettbewerb
  • Meinungsdynamik
  • Machtpolitik
  • Konfliktforschung

Ein Teil der Arbeit an diesem Kapitel wurde im Rahmen des von der Deutschen Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG) geförderten Forschungsprojekts „Meinungsdynamik und kollektive Entscheidungen“ (265108307) erbracht.

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  1. 1.

    Wir möchten an dieser Stelle dem Gutachter Florian Bader, Anne-Kathrin Fischer und auch den Herausgebern ganz herzlich danken für wertvolle Hinweise zur Verbesserung dieses Beitrages.

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Neumann, M., Lorenz, J. (2020). Agentenbasierte Simulation in der Politikwissenschaft. In: Wagemann, C., Goerres, A., Siewert, M.B. (eds) Handbuch Methoden der Politikwissenschaft. Springer VS, Wiesbaden. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-658-16936-7_34

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