Recalibrating Turkish Foreign Policy After the Arab Uprisings: From Pro-activism to Uncertainty by Easing Off Ideational and Liberal Goals

  • Birce Altıok KarşıyakaEmail author
  • Sinan Karşıyaka


The western-oriented foreign policy tradition changed in the last decade under the ruling Justice and Development Party (AKP – Adalet ve Kalkınma Partisi), and the previously fragmented relations between Turkey and the Middle East (ME) has entered into a new phase Turkey has increased the level of interactions with the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) countries in terms of political, economic, and cultural affairs


European Union Foreign Policy North Atlantic Treaty Organization Foreign Policy Objective Clear Side 
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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.IstanbulTurkey

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