The Public Sphere
Citizenship is the basis for democratic governance at the national as well as at the European level and decision-making in democracies has to be responsive and accountable to the will of the people. As the next two chapters outline, similarly to the concept of citizenship, the idea of a public sphere also originally emerged at the national level and its scope has then been extended to the EU level in the course of the European integration. When interested in analysing the extent to which EU citizens are visible in the European public sphere, and in finding the factors that foster their visibility, first a clear conceptual understanding of the public sphere and the relevant actors within it is needed.
KeywordsCivil Society Political Party Political Participation Public Sphere Governmental System
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