Spontaneity as predictive factor for well-being

Instruments for psychodrama—the validation of Spontaneity Assessment Inventory—Revised (SAI-R) and its relationship with psychological suffering and depression in Italy and Austria
  • Ines Testoni
  • Michael Wieser
  • Alessandra Armenti
  • Lucia Ronconi
  • Maria Silvia Guglielmin
  • Paolo Cottone
  • Adriano Zamperini


The study discusses the construct of spontaneity and its causal relationship with psychological well-being. It develops a preview phase of validation of the SAI-R and its correlation with the Clinical Outcomes for Routine Evaluation- Outcome Measure (CORE-OM) and the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI-II) and assumes the hypothesis that a high level of spontaneity is correlated negatively with low level of well-being and positively with depression. The research involved Italian and Austrian participants, consisting of 166 Italian and 146 Austrian university students. The findings suggested a causal relationship between low spontaneity and psychological suffering. The results obtained confirm the hypothesized model, showing significance negative causal relationship. The verification of this theoretical model on non-clinical samples allows us to set the ground for future use in clinical samples. Furthermore, this result encourages the development of further research into the use of SAI-R.


Psychodrama SAI-R CORE-OM Spontaneity Depression Psychological well-being 

Spontaneität als prädiktiver Faktor für das Wohlbe

Instrumente für das Psychodrama – die Validierung des Spontaneität Assessment Inventar – Revidiert (SAI-R) und seine Beziehung zu psychischen Belastungen und Depression in Italien und Österreich


Die Studie diskutiert das Konstrukt der Spontaneität und ihre ursächliche Beziehung mit psychischem Wohlbefinden. Nach einer Validierung von SAI-R mit „Clinical Outcomes for Routine Evaluation-Outcome Measure (COREOM)“ und Beck Depression Inventar (BDI-II) wird die Hypothese aufgestellt, dass hohe Spontaneität negativ korreliert mit Depression und geringem Wohlbefinden. Die Forschung umfasste italienische und österreichische TeilnehmerInnen, bestehend aus 166 italienischen und 146 österreichischen UniversitätsstudentInnen. Die Ergebnisse zeigen eine ursächliche Beziehung zwischen geringer Spontaneität und psychischen Beschwerden. Die erzielten Resultate bestätigen die Hypothesen der signifikant negativen ursächlichen Beziehungen. Die Verifikation des theoretischen Modells mit einer nicht-klinischen Stichprobe gibt uns die Basis der zukünftigen Anwendung bei klinischen Stichproben. Die Ergebnisse ermutigen zu weiterer Forschung in der Anwendung von SAI-R.


Psychodrama SAI-R CORE-OM Spontaneität Depression Psychisches Wohlbefinden 


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Copyright information

© Springer Fachmedien Wiesbaden 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ines Testoni
    • 1
  • Michael Wieser
    • 2
  • Alessandra Armenti
    • 1
  • Lucia Ronconi
    • 1
  • Maria Silvia Guglielmin
    • 1
  • Paolo Cottone
    • 1
  • Adriano Zamperini
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Philosophy, Sociology, Education & Applied Psychology (FISPPA), Section of Applied PsychologyUniversity of Padua (Italy)PaduaItaly
  2. 2.Department of Psychology , Alpen-Adria-Universitaet KlagenfurtUniversitätsstr. 65KlagenfurtAustria

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