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Die Salienz von Sachthemen im internationalen Vergleich: Zurück zu „It’s the economy, stupid“ während der Krise?

Zusammenfassung

Wir untersuchen in diesem Beitrag die Salienz von Wirtschaftsthemen, die eine wichtige Vorbedingung für ökonomisches Wählen darstellen. Während die jüngere Forschung zeigt, dass wirtschaftliche Themen bei der Bevölkerung nur eine mäßige Wichtigkeit haben, postulieren wir zunächst, dass diese Salienz während der Wirtschaft- und Eurokrise zugenommen hat. Wir können zeigen, dass sich die Salienz von Wirtschaftsthemen zwischen 2008 und 2013 in beinahe allen 14 Ländern in unserer Stichprobe stark erhöht hat. Bei anderen Themen, z. B Immigration, finden wir nicht das gleiche Muster. Weiter können wir für einen exemplarischen Fall (Großbritannien 2010) zeigen, dass neben der Salienz von Wirtschaftsthemen auch die persönliche Betroffenheit sowie die Zuschreibung von politischer Verantwortlichkeit während der Krise eine wichtige Rolle für das Wahlverhalten spielen.

Schlüsselwörter

  • Salienz
  • Wirtschaftsthemen
  • Wirtschafts- und Eurokrise
  • Ökonomisches Wählen
  • Vergleichende Analyse
  • Persönliche Betroffenheit
  • Zuschreibung von politischer Verantwortung

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Notes

  1. 1.

    Eine Ausnahme ist Singer 2013, der jedoch die Rolle der Wichtigkeit der Wirtschaft für den Wahlentscheid und die Determinanten der persönlichen Salienz mit unterschiedlichen Datensätzen untersucht.

  2. 2.

    Die Frage im CSES, Welle 2 war wie folgt definiert: What do you think has been the most important issue facing [country] over the last [number of years that the last government was in office] years?). Im CSES 3 stützen wir uns auf die sehr ähnlich formulierte Frage C3002_1 (socio-tropic 1. mention) außer für die Wahl in Portugal 2009, für die wir auf die egozentrisch formulierte Frage zurückgreifen, da bei der soziotropischen Variante Kodierprobleme bestehen.

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Giger, N., Traber, D. (2016). Die Salienz von Sachthemen im internationalen Vergleich: Zurück zu „It’s the economy, stupid“ während der Krise?. In: Schoen, H., Weßels, B. (eds) Wahlen und Wähler. Springer VS, Wiesbaden. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-658-11206-6_18

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