Until now I have spoken about the reasons why language-related conflicts take place and the issues usually at stake in them. By doing this, however, I have only covered one set of elements necessary for the understanding and evaluation of language regimes or finding the criterion of the optimal language regime. The second part of the analysis needs therefore to focus on another part of the problem, namely the language regimes themselves. More concretely, language regimes in their various functions and meanings: the actual characterisation of a particular language can as a matter of fact vary, depending on who is talking about it and whether these persons want it maintained, abolished or changed. As I will argue in more detail later, language regimes can serve as the starting point of language-related conflicts, as the framework of reference in such conflicts, and/or as the suggested, desired, avoided, or actual result of a language-related conflict. In this chapter, I suggest a possible way of capturing this variety in one framework.
KeywordsLanguage Policy Official Language Minority Language Indigenous Language Societal Culture
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