Monodromy and normal forms
We discuss the history of the monodromy theorem, starting from Weierstraß, and the concept of a monodromy group. From this viewpoint we compare then the Weierstraß, the Legendre and other normal forms for elliptic curves, explaining their geometric meaning and distinguishing them by their stabilizer in ℙSL(2, ℤ) and their monodromy. Then we focus on the birth of the concept of the Jacobian variety, and the geometrization of the theory of Abelian functions and integrals. We end illustrating the methods of complex analysis in the simplest issue, the difference equation f(z) = g(z + 1) - g(z) on ℂ.
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