Vorsprung des Westens durch Technik und biogeographische Zufälle: Guns, Germs, and Steel von Jared Diamond

Chapter

Zusammenfassung

Der Physiologe und Geograph Jared Diamond geht in seinem 1997 erschienenen Werk Guns, Germs, and Steel der Frage nach, warum im weltweiten Vergleich gerade europäische und ostasiatische Völker in höherem Tempo Machtressourcen und Innovationsfähigkeit entwickeln konnten. Unter Rückgriff auf interdisziplinäre Erkenntnisse macht er als Ursachen dieser Entwicklung gerade biogeographische Vorteile Eurasiens aus. Dies führte seiner Ansicht nach zu einer früheren und intensiveren Hinwendung zur Landwirtschaft als in anderen Teilen der Erde, was den Völkern Europas und Asiens letztlich auch entscheidende Wettbewerbsvorteile bei der Entwicklung der Schriftkultur, der Militärtechnik sowie von Resistenzen gegen Seuchenkeime verschaffte. Neben einer Einordnung in das Gesamtwerk des Autors setzt sich der Beitrag auch mit der Rezeption der preisgekrönten Monographie auseinander.

Keywords

Westen westliche Demokratie Staat Herrschaft Aufstieg und Fall Zivilisation Kolonialismus 

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Copyright information

© Springer Fachmedien Wiesbaden 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Universität RegensburgRegensburgDeutschland

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